The Work of Christ on the Cross

Christ’s work on the cross is described by four key words:

Substitution – Jesus Christ bore the penalty for our sins.

(Isa. 53:5) “He was pierced through for our transgressions…
(Rom. 5:8) “…while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
(1Pe. 2:24) “And He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, that we might die to sin and live in righteousness.

Propitiation – The death of Christ satisfies completely God’s righteous demands. The wrath of God toward sin is appeased. This is the Godward aspect of Christ’s work on the cross.

(1Jo 2:2) “And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.
(Rom. 3:25) “Jesus Christ… whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith.”

Redemption – Christ, through His death, purchased and set free by a ransom price those who are enslaved to sin. This is the manward aspect of Christ’s work on the cross.

(1Ti. 2:5-6) “For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself as a ransom for all…
(Eph. 1:7) “In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our transgressions, according to the riches of His grace.

Reconciliation – Christ’s death removes the state of hostility between God and man so that peace may be established.

(Rom. 5:10-11) “For if while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of His son…
(2Co. 5:18-20) “Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ…

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