The book of Matthew is the most Jewish of the Gospels. Its theme is the presentation of the King and the offer of His kingdom, and His rejection by the Nation of Israel as a whole. The result was His crucifixion and resurrection.
The book begins, “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham” (Matt. 1:1). It reaches its climax with the crucifixion of Jesus, under the sign posted by Pilate, “This is Jesus, the King of the Jews” (Matt. 27:37). The conclusion of the book is the commissioning of the apostles to carry the message of the Gospel to all nations (Matt. 28:18–20).
Matthew has been called “the Gospel of Judgment” because of Jesus’ condemnation for their unbelief (Matt. 8:10; 23:13–39) and His prophecies of future judgment (Matthew 24–25). However, Israel’s rejection of the Savior opened the door for the formation of the Church, fulfilling the prophecy of Genesis 9:27, and the grafting in of the Gentiles into the root of Israel (Rom. 11:24–28), until the time of the Rapture of the Church (1 Thess. 4:13–18) and the restoration of Israel through faith in Jesus Christ.
The Gospel of Matthew was completed by the year 60 A.D. This was just six years before the beginning of the Jewish-Roman war that resulted in the destruction of the Temple, Jerusalem, and the Nation of Israel. This Gospel was a final warning to Israel of God’s impending wrath for their unbelief.