Introduction

The book of Matthew is the most Jewish of the Gospels. Its theme is the presentation of the King and the offer of His kingdom, and His rejection by the Nation of Israel as a whole. The result was His crucifixion and resurrection.

The book begins, “The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham” (Matt. 1:1). It reaches its climax with the crucifixion of Jesus, under the sign posted by Pilate, “This is Jesus, the King of the Jews” (Matt. 27:37). The conclusion of the book is the commissioning of the apostles to carry the message of the Gospel to all nations (Matt. 28:18–20).

Matthew has been called “the Gospel of Judgment” because of Jesus’ condemnation for their unbelief (Matt. 8:12; 23:13–39) and His prophecies of future judgment (Matthew 24–25). However, Israel’s rejection of the Savior opened the door for the formation of the Church, fulfilling the prophecy of Genesis 9:26–27, and the grafting in of the Gentiles into the root of Israel (Rom. 1:16, 11:24–28) until the time of the Rapture of the Church (1 Thess. 4:13–18) and the restoration of Israel through faith in Jesus Christ.

The Gospel of Matthew was completed by the year 60 A.D. This was just six years before the beginning of the Jewish-Roman war that resulted in the destruction of the Temple, Jerusalem, and the Nation of Israel. This Gospel was a final warning to Israel of God’s impending wrath for their unbelief.

Matthew Chapter 1 (Matthew 1) — The miraculous conception of Jesus by the virgin Mary was a fulfillment of prophecy.

The Genealogy of Jesus—Matthew 1:1-17

Luke 3:23-38; Ruth 4:18-22

Matthew 1:1 — Jesus Christ(Messiah). This genealogy showsJesus (meaning the salvation of the Lord) to be the fulfillment of the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam. 7:12-17) and also of the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen. 12:1-3; 22:14-18).

Matthew 1:3-16 — Tamar … Rahab … Ruth … the wife of Uriah … Mary.It was not customary to mention women in ancient Jewish lineages. These five women show the power of God’s grace to transform lives. Though Mary was a pure virgin, each of the other women was compromised by

Matthew 1:6 — David … begot Solomon.It is here that the lineages of Matthew and of Luke separate. Matthew follows the lineage of Joseph through Rehoboam, which includes Jeconiah (Matt. 1:11). It was prophesied by Jeremiah (Jer. 22:24-30; Jer. 36:29-31) that none of Jec

Matthew 1:16 — of whom was born Jesus.The wordwhom is feminine, referring to Mary. Matthew is careful to protect Jesus from any physical link to Joseph (note:before they came together, Matthew 1:18). The virgin birth is essential to the story of the Person and work of C

The Supernatural Conception and Birth of Jesus Christ—Matthew 1:18-25

Luke 1:26-38; 2:1-21

Matthew 1:19 — Joseph her husband.From the point of engagement/betrothal on, the Jews considered a couple to be bound to each other legally. Jacob considered Rachel his wife, even before they came together.

Matthew 1:20 — conceived … of the Holy Spirit.The conception and birth of Jesus by the virgin Mary was essential for Him to be born without a sin nature and able, therefore, to be the Savior of the world. In other words, He was not born under the sin of Adam. See Genesi

Matthew 1:21-23 — Jesus … Immanuel.Matthew quotes Isaiah 7:14 to show that this virgin-born son wasGod with us.The nameImmanuel reveals His identity as God in the flesh, andJesus reveals His purpose—to bring the salvation of God to mankind.

Matthew 1:24-25 — Joseph … did not know her.Mary remained a virgin until the birth of Jesus, after which she and Joseph had other children (Matt. 13:55-56).

Matthew 1:25 — And he called His name Jesus.In obedience to God’s command (Matthew 1:21), Joseph gave Him the nameJesus, which is the equivalent of the Hebrew nameJoshua.It means both the Lord is salvation and salvation is of the Lord. Here, at the beginning of Matthew’

Matthew Chapter 2 (Matthew 2) — The wise men from the East come to worship; Herod plots to kill Jesus.

The Coming of the Wise Men—Matthew 2:1-12

Num. 24:17

Matthew 2:1-6 — In Bethlehem.The location of Jesus’ birth was crucial for the fulfillment of the prophecy from Micah 5:2, which is quoted in Matthew 2:6. This small village was known asthe city of David (Luke 2:4, 11).

Matthew 2:2 — King of the Jews.The story of Jesus’ life begins and ends with this title (Matt. 27:37).His star in the East. Remember that the wise men came from the East, where they saw His star. These wise men were no doubt the descendants of those wise men of Babylon

Matthew 2:3-4 — When Herod … had gathered all the chief priests and scribes.Here, we see the beginning of the alliance of the Jewish religious leaders with the Roman authorities against the Lord Jesus. Herod was not a Jew, but an Edomite (Gen. 36:1, 8; Mal. 1:2-3; Rom. 9

Matthew 2:10 — When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy.The reappearance of the star, and its movement directly over the house (no longer a stable), shows that thisstar was miraculous—possibly even an angel lighting the way.

Matthew 2:11 — Gold, frankincense, and myrrh.From the days of the early church, these have been recognized as symbolic of Jesus’ deity/royalty (gold), His absolute purity (frankincense), and His substitutionary death (myrrh). Where frankincense was used for fragrance, m

Matthew 2:12 — Being divinely warned in a dream. Not all dreams are messages from God. Here, God used dreams to protect Jesus (Matt. 1:20; 2:12, 13, 19, 22).

The Plot to Kill the Christ-Child—Matthew 2:13-23

Matthew 2:15 — Out of Egypt I called My Son.This prophecy of Hosea 11:1 is true both of the deliverance of Israel out of Egypt, and of the deliverance of the Christ-Child through Egypt. In the Old Testament, prophecies often have a dual fulfillment.

Matthew 2:17, 23 — Then was fulfilled … that it might be fulfilled. Matthew takes great care to show that every aspect of Jesus’ life, death, burial, and resurrection is a direct fulfillment of the ancient prophecies concerning Him. Sixteen times, from Matthew 1:22-27:35, h

Matthew 2:18 — A voice was heard in Ramah. Matthew quotes Jeremiah 31:15, speaking of the wailing when Israel was exiled to Babylon. Again, Old Testament prophecies often have a near and a far fulfillment. Usually, the far fulfillment is the greater.

Matthew 2:23 — And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth. Matthew claims this was a fulfillment of manyprophets, who said,He shall be called a Nazarene.No such prophecy can be found in the Old Testament. However, several of the prophets call HimBranch(Isa. 4:2; 11

Matthew Chapter 3 (Matthew 3) — The ministry of John identifies Jesus as the promised Messiah and Savior.

The Baptism of Jesus—Matthew 3:1-17

Mark 1:1-13; Luke 3:1-22; John 1:29-34

Matthew 3:1 — John the Baptist.John was the older cousin of Jesus. See Luke 1:5-45. John was the last and greatest of the Old Testament prophets (Matt. 11:9, 11).

Matthew 3:2, 6 — Repent … baptized … confessing their sins.John’s ministry was unique in Israel, in that he called on Jews to repent and be baptized. These were the same requirements formerly used to bring proselyte Gentiles into Judaism. John was declaring that Jews were

Matthew 3:2 — The kingdom of heaven is at hand.It was common knowledge that thekingdom of heaven could not come until the appearance of the Messiah. It was the last promise of the Old Testament (Mal. 3:1-2; 4:1-2).

Matthew 3:3 — The voice of one crying in the wilderness. The prophecy of Isaiah 40:1-8 anticipates the ministry and message of John.

Matthew 3:6 — Baptized.The baptism of John is one of seven mentioned in the New Testament. As careful study shows, the word baptize (baptizo) does not mean to sprinkle or immerse in water but, rather, to identify the recipient with another. Three of these baptisms util

Matthew 3:7 — Brood of vipers.John knew the coming of the Pharisees and Sadducees to the baptism was an indication of their hypocrisy. Jesus used the same terms to refer to them in Matthew 23:13-33.The wrath to come.This is a common theme running through Matthew. He se

Matthew 3:11 — He who is coming after me. John’s message was focused onprepar[ing] the way of the Lord(Isa. 40:3). In Isaiah, the wordLord is Jehovah. John did not offer salvation himself, but pointed people to Jesus, who wouldsave[deliver] His people from their sins(Ma

Matthew 3:12 — Unquenchable fire. It is clear in this verse that this is the fire of everlasting judgment. These are the only two options facing all men of every nation.

Matthew 3:13 — Jesus came from Galilee … to be baptized.The baptism of Jesus by John was different than that of any other man or woman. It wasto fulfill all righteousness(Matthew 3:15). First, the coming of the Spirit in the form of a dove revealed Him to be the Son of

Matthew 3:17 — This is My beloved Son. This confirms Jesus as the Son spoken of in Psalm 2:7 and Proverbs 30:4. See also Luke 4:18-19, Jesus’ first public statement, where He quotes Isaiah 61:1-2, which speaks of the Spirit, the Lord (the Father), and Himself, as the fi

Matthew Chapter 4 (Matthew 4) — This covers the temptation and triumph of Jesus over the world, the flesh, and the devil.

The Temptation of Jesus in the Wilderness—Matthew 4:1-11

Luke 4:1-13

Matthew 4:1 — Jesus was led … by the Spirit … to be tempted by the devil.The wordtempted can be translated either tested or tempted. God cannot be tempted with evil (James 1:13). Jesus, as man, could be tempted in all points as we are, yet without sin (Heb. 2:17-18; 4:

Matthew 4:3 — If You are the Son of God.Literally, Satan said, Since You are the Son of God. Satan knew who Jesus was, and knew that only He could turn stones into bread. If Satan could cause Jesus to sin, the plan of salvation would fail.

Matthew 4:4 — Man shall not live by bread alone.Here, Jesus is quoting Deuteronomy 8:3. This, along withIt is written, makes it clear that Jesus’ victory—both here and throughout His life—would be based on obedience to the written Word of God. The Living Word (John 1:1

Matthew 4:5-6 — The devil … said … it is written. Even the devil can use Scripture, taken out of context, to try to deceive man and accomplish his will. Satan has been deceiving mankind from the very beginning (Gen. 3).

Matthew 4:7 — You shall not tempt the Lord your God(Deut. 6:16). In times of trial and temptation, we are to trust God, but never to test Him. He always proves Himself faithful to those who trust and seek after Him (Heb. 11:6).

Matthew 4:10 — You shall worship the Lord your God, and Him only you shall serve(Deut. 6:13; 10:12). Jesus defeated the devil by using God’s Word at every temptation. This is the example of how we are to be victorious also.

Matthew 4:11 — Then the devil left Him. James gives us the promise,Therefore submit to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you(James 4:7). These three temptations illustrate the three signs of loving the world (1 John 2:15-17).Angels came and ministered to Him.A

Jesus Begins His Ministry in Capernaum—Matthew 4:12-25

Mark 1:14-39; Luke 4:14-44

Matthew 4:12-13 — Jesus heard … He departed … and dwelt in Capernaum.The arrest of John was the beginning of persecution by the religious and political leaders. Capernaum was known for the great signs Jesus did there and for their unbelief (Matt. 11:23-24).

Matthew 4:15-16 — Light has dawned.This quote is from Isaiah 9:1-2 and foretells of Jesus asthe light of the world (John 1:4-5, 9; 8:12). This prophecy also anticipates Jesus’ ministry to the Gentiles.

Matthew 4:17 — Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.Jesus is the fulfillment of John’s message (Matt. 3:2, 11). The King is announcing the coming of His kingdom. Again, this repentance was a confession of sinfulness and a turning in faith to the only One who cou

Matthew 4:19-20 — Follow Me.This was a typical call of a rabbi to those chosen to be his disciples. It would take three years of following Him—learning from Him—before the disciples were ready to becomefishers of men.(see The Great Commission in Matt. 28:18-20). Note the i

Matthew 4:23 — Jesus went about … teaching … preaching … and healing.This is the guide for all true ministry. We first teach those who believe (Matt. 5:1-2), then we preach (evangelize) to those who do not yet know Him (Matt. 4:17), and then we meet physical needs as we

Matthew 4:25 — Great multitudes followed Him.Jesus’ popularity with the common people was the cause of the envy and hatred of the scribes and Pharisees (Matt. 27:18; Mark 15:10).

Matthew Chapter 5 (Matthew 5) — The Sermon on the Mount: Jesus presents the law of His kingdom.

The Beatitudes—Matthew 5:1-12

Luke 6:20-26

Matthew 5:1 — The multitudes. This is also mentioned in Matthew 4:25.and in 7:28, where the Greek word for multitudes is the same word but translated the people. His disciples came to Him. Although Jesus addressed His teaching to His disciples, who had already believed

Matthew 5:2 — Then He … taught them.Here, the Lord who wrote the Law at Sinai (Exod. 31:18) expounds its true meaning (see additional note in Matt. 5:17). Only those who areborn again[from above](John 3:3) and empowered by the Holy Spirit are able to obey it (Rom. 8:1-

Matthew 5:3 — Blessed are the poor in spirit. This statement sets the tone for all of the Beatitudes. In Greek, there are two words forpoor. One means to have very little, to be in need. Matthew uses the second word, meaning absolutely destitute. To bepoor in spirit me

Matthew 5:4-11 — Blessed.Each of the other seven blessings flow out of the first. Those who come to God destitute of soul receive His grace by faith alone and, by spiritual growth, will develop the following characteristics.  These beatitudes show us the blessedness of th

Matthew 5:5 — The meek.In the original Greek language, meekness meant to be in total submission to a higher command. It is the mourning of Matthew 5:4 that leads us to surrender completely to God’s Word and will.They shall inherit.Inheritance is not equal to entering e

Matthew 5:6 — Those who hunger and thirst for righteousness. The surrender of our will to God (Matthew 5:5) will inevitably lead us to a spiritual hunger/thirst to know God through His Word. The righteousness we receive by faith in Christ, we now desire to live out in

Matthew 5:7 — Themerciful.Aswegrow,ourfirstevidence of conformity to Christ is that we show mercy to others (Mal. 6:8; Matt. 9:13; 12:7). In essence, mercy withholds judgment that is due. We show this mercy by not being judgmental toward others (Matt. 7:1-5).

Matthew 5:8 — The pure in heart.We purify the heart by daily confession of our sins (1 John 1:9), and by seeking the cleansing power of God’s Word (Eph. 5:26). The Spirit of God uses the Word of God to sanctify (purify) the believer from the inside out (John 17:17; 1 T

Matthew 5:9 — The peacemakers.The disciple who grows to this point becomes a living testimony to the power of God to save and to transform one’s life. Another way to say peacemaker is to say one who is a minister of reconciliation (2 Cor. 5:17-21). By consistent spirit

Matthew 5:10 — Persecutedforrighteousness’sake.ThosewholiveChrist-likeliveswillbe persecuted as He was (John 15:20; Acts 14:22; 2 Tim. 3:12; 1 Pet. 3:13-14).

Matthew 5:12 — Greatisyourrewardinheaven.Jesus speaks often of gaining eternal reward for faithful obedience (Matt. 5:46; 6:1-2, 4, 6, 20).

Believers Are to be Salt and Light—Matthew 5:13-16

Mark 9:50; Luke 14:34-35

Matthew 5:13-16 — You are the salt …[the] light.The lives of believers ought to have a flavor that draws the spiritually hungry and also reflects the light of Christ to the world (John 1:4-5; 8:12; 2 Cor. 4:6; Eph. 5:8; 1 John 1:7).

Jesus Reveals the True Meaning of the Law and Prophets and the Nature of True Righteousness—Matthew 5:17-48

Matthew 5:17 — I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. Jesus Christ will ultimately fulfill all Old Testament prophecy. He fulfilled the Law by obeying it perfectly. By His substitutionary death on the cross, He removes our sin and gives us His own righteousness (Rom.

Matthew 5:20 — Your righteousness.The scribes and Pharisees had only self-righteousness. All human good, apart from God, isfilthy rags andwhitewashed tombs (Isa. 64:6; Matt. 23:27). The righteousness of God comes only through faith in Jesus Christ (Rom. 1:16-17; 3:21-22

Murder Begins in the Heart—Matthew 5:21-22

Matthew 5:21-22 — But I say to you. Jesus uses this phrase nine times in Matthew chapter 5. He contrasts His true teaching withthedistortedteachingofthescribesandPharisees.They followed the oral tradition rather than Moses (Matt. 15:2-6; Mark 7:2-13).Hespeaksas the Author

Peacemakers Seek Reconciliation—Matthew 5:23-26

Matthew 5:24 — Bereconciled.Thisiswhatpeacemakersdoevenattheirownsacrifice(Matt.5:9;Rom.12:14-21; 1 Pet.  3:10-12). God desires mercy more than sacrifice (Matt. 5:7; 9:13; 12:7; Luke 6:35-38; James 2:12-13; 3:17).

Adultery Begins in the Heart—Matthew 5:27-30

Matthew 5:27-28 — Whoever looks at a woman to lust for her. Here, Jesus shows that true spirituality is a matter of the inner condition of the heart—not just of outward conduct.

Matthew 5:29-30 — If your right eye causes you to sin. Jesus is using hyperbole, or a figure of speech, to illustrate His point. See Proverbs 23:2. What is the point? If we removed each member of the body that commits sin, we would have to kill the entire body. As believer

Marriage is Not to be Violated—Matthew 5:31-32

Matt. 19:9; Mark 10:11-12; Luke 16:18

Matthew 5:31-32 — Except sexual immorality.The ideal of the marriage bond is that nothing short of unfaithfulness should break it. Even then, forgiveness and restoration are possible. Marriage is a reflection of the relationship between the Lord Jesus Christ and the Church

Oath Taking is Forbidden—Matthew 5:33-37

James 5:12

Matthew 5:34 — Do not swear at all. The taking of oaths and vows, or the use of God’s name, should not be used to give our words validity. Say what you mean and mean what you say. Speak the truth in love (Eph. 4:15; James 5:12).

Matthew 5:38 — An eye for an eye.This was known as theLex Talionis(law of retaliation) and was given to civil authorities to execute justice (Exod. 21:1, 23-25; Lev. 24:19-20; Deut. 19:18-21). This was never for the gratification of personal vengeance.

The Law of Love—Matthew 5:38-48

Rom. 13:9-10; 1 Cor. 13:1-13

Matthew 5:39 — Turn the other [cheek]to him also.Jesus is not forbidding defending oneself. Rather, He is teaching restraint and longsuffering when wronged. We only have two cheeks!

Matthew 5:44 — Love your enemies.The law of love is the foundation of all spiritual power. Love for God cannot fail to result in love for all for whom Christ died (Deut. 6:5; Lev. 19:18; Matt. 22:37-40; 1 John 3:11-14; 4:7-11).

Matthew 5:45-48 — That you may be sons of your Father … therefore you shall be perfect.We only become sons of God through faith in Jesus Christ (Rom. 8:14-15; Gal. 4:4-7; 1 John 3:1). We are onlyperfect when we are clothed with the righteousness of Christ. The wordperfect

Matthew Chapter 6 (Matthew 6) — True righteousness is hidden in the heart (1 Pet. 3:4), and brings blessings in time and rewards in eternity.

Spiritual Giving, Spiritual Praying, Spiritual Fasting—Matthew 6:1-4

2 Cor. 8:1-9; 9:6-11

Spiritual Giving, Spiritual Praying, Spiritual Fasting—Matthew 6:5-15

Luke 11:1-4

Spiritual Giving, Spiritual Praying, Spiritual Fasting—Matthew 6:16-18

True Spirituality of the Heart Lays up Treasure in Heaven—Matthew 6:19-24

Matthew 6:20 — Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven.All that is done in faith and obedience in this life will be rewarded in eternity (Gen. 15:1; Psalm 19:11; Mark 9:41; 1 Cor. 3:8; James 1:12; Heb. 10:35; 11:26; Rev. 22:12).

Matthew 6:21 — Where your treasure is.We keep watch over what we value. If we live for Jesus Christ and eternity, we will be careful to guard our thoughts (Prov. 4:23) and conduct for His glory (1 Cor. 9:24-27; 2 Tim. 4:6-8).

Matthew 6:24 — You cannot serve God and mammon.From Matthew 6:21-34, Jesus is demonstrating the contrast between living for time versus living for eternity. Money (mammon) is the means to food, clothing, shelter, and other concerns of the body. Faith brings rest from an

True Spirituality Brings Rest from Worry—Matthew 6:25-34

Matthew 6:33 — Seek first the kingdom of God. We enter God’s kingdom when we receive His righteousness by faith in the Lord Jesus (Col. 1:12-14; James 2:5; 1 John 5:13). Then, kingdom life is ours when we live according to His will (Matt. 6:10; Rom. 14:17). When our spi

Matthew Chapter 7 (Matthew 7) — This chapter deals with the outward fruits of our faith (see Gal. 5:22-23).

We are Not to Judge Others—Matthew 7:1-6

Luke 6:37-42; 11:9-13

Matthew 7:1 — Judge not.Only Jesus Christ is fit to judge (John 5:22; James 4:11-12; 5:9). We will each be judged by how strict or how merciful we are to others (James 2:13). The Pharisee judged the publican, but the publican judged only himself (Luke 18:10-14).

Matthew 7:6 — Do not give what is holy to the dogs … swine.Dogs and swine represent those who hate Jesus Christ and persecuteHispeople.Noticehow Jesus was silent before His enemies. He did not try to answer thesedogs. (Isa. 53:7; Matt. 27:14; Mark 14:60-61; 15:4-5; Luk

The Power of Persistent Prayer—Matthew 7:7-11

Luke 18:1-14

Matthew 7:7 — Ask … seek … knock.Our prayers should be dependent, specific, and persistent. Jesus illustrates this by the parableinLuke18:1-8.Thepromiseofansweredprayer applies to all that is in accordance with God’s will (John 15:7; 16:23; 1 John 5:14-15).

The Law of Love is the Golden Rule—Matthew 7:12-14

Matthew 7:12 — This is the Law and the Prophets.This has been called the Golden Rule and comes from Leviticus 19:18. Jesusstressedthatlove for God and for others was the true goal and meaning ofthe Law and the Prophets (Matt. 22:36-40).

The Narrow Way is the Way of Faith and the Fruit of Obedience—Matthew 7:13-23

Matt. 12:33; Luke 6:43-45; 13:24-27

Matthew 7:13-27 — Enter by the narrow gate.This section sets before all men two ways. The narrow way is the way of faith, fruitfulness, and security. In contrast, the broad path is built on lies, evil deeds, and final destruction.

Matthew 7:16 — You will know them by their fruits. This verse is often misquoted to mean we can judge who is a true believer by evaluating their life. Jesus says here that false prophets (false teachers) will always teach error and live selfish and self-serving lives (2

Matthew 7:21-23 — Lord,Lord…I never knew you.The will and work of God is to believe on His Son, Jesus Christ (John 6:29; Matt. 12:50; Heb. 11:6). In the final judgment, to be known by Him as one of His flock will mean everything!

The Wise Man of Faith and the Foolish Unbeliever—Matthew 7:24-29

Luke 6:47-49

Matthew 7:24-27 — A wise man … a foolish man.The foundation rock is Jesus Himself (Matt. 16:18; 1 Cor. 3:11). The life built by faith and obedience will stand for all eternity (1 Cor. 3:12-15; 1 John 2:17). The fool builds life apart from Jesus Christ, and his life ends in

Matthew 7:29 — He taught them as one having authority. Jesus spoke as the Giver and Author of the Law. See Mark 1:22 and John 7:46. He alone could interpret it correctly. Throughout the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus is rebuking and correcting many false teachings of the ra

Matthew Chapter 8 (Matthew 8) — Jesus demonstrates His authority over illness, nature, and demons.

Jesus’ Compassion for Those who Suffer—Matthew 8:1-17

Mark 1:29-31, 40-45; Luke 4:38-39; 5:12-16; 7:1-10

Matthew 8:2 — A leper … worshiped Him, saying, Lord … In the temptation of Jesus in the wilderness, Jesus paraphrased Deuteronomy 6:13,You shall worship the Lord your God, and Him only you shall serve (Matt. 4:10).By accepting this leper’s worship, Jesus confirms that

Matthew 8:3 — Iamwilling;becleansed.Leprosywasapictureofthedefilementofsin,andthe wages of death (Rom. 6:23). Jesus’ healing of the leper shows His power over sin and death.

Matthew 8:5 — Jesus … entered Capernaum. In this city, Jesus began His public ministry (Matt. 4:12-17), did most of His miracles, and was met with the most unbelief (Matt. 11:23).A centurion came to Him.The centurion was commander of one hundred Roman soldiers. Luke re

Matthew 8:9 — I also am a man under authority.The centurion recognizes that just as his authority came from Rome, so the authority of Jesus came from Heaven.

Matthew 8:10 — He marveled … ‘I have not found such great faith, not even in Israel.’The only other time Jesusmarveled was regarding the unbelief of  His own people (Mark 6:6).  The only other time He spoke ofgreat faith was  to  the Canaanite woman in  Matthew 15:28. 

Matthew 8:11 — Many will come from east and west and sit down … in the kingdom.Jesus is referring to a prophecy in Psalm 107:1-3. It speaks of multitudes of believing Gentiles entering into His kingdom.

Matthew 8:12 — Sons of the kingdom will be cast out.The phrasesons of the kingdom was a term the Jews used of themselves, based on their lineage from Abraham (Matt. 3:9; Luke 3:8). Jesus is saying that believing Gentiles will enter the kingdom, but unbelieving Jews will

Matthew 8:17 — He Himself took our infirmities.Quoted from Isaiah 53:4, all sickness is a result of the entrance of sin into the world. By dying on the cross for our sins and rising again, Jesus proved His power over all the effects of the fall of Adam.

The Cost of Discipleship—Matthew 8:18-22

Luke 9:57-62; 14:25-33

Matthew 8:20 — Foxeshaveholes…buttheSon of Man.TheSon of Man is a title used in Messianic prophecies (Dan. 7:13-14). Jesus’ earthly life was marked by poverty and rejection. He was truly the outcast Savior (Jer. 14:8-9). Those who choose the path of discipleship will li

Jesus’ Power over Nature—Matthew 8:23-27

Mark 4:35-41; Luke 8:22-25

Matthew 8:26 — Why are you fearful?Fear and faith cannot coexist. Faith conquers fear, which is Satan’s most powerful tool (Heb. 2:14-15). The most repeated command in all the Bible isFear not.

Jesus’ Power over Evil Spirits—Matthew 8:28-34

Mark 5:1-20; Luke 8:26-39

Matthew 8:29 — Jesus, You Son of God. The demons know who Jesus is, and they know He will ultimately cast them into the Lake of Fire.

Matthew 8:32 — The herd of swine … ran violently.Demonic possession can cause insanity, extreme violence, and even suicide—in both men and beasts. The story in Mark 5:1-6 focuses on only one of the men who worshiped Jesus.

Matthew Chapter 9 (Matthew 9) — Jesus’ power to heal is based on His authority to forgive sins.

Jesus Forgives and Heals the Paralyzed Man—Matthew 9:1-8

Mark 2:1-12; Luke 5:17-26

Matthew 9:2 — Son … your sins are forgiven.The scribes rightly knew that God alone could forgive sin (Luke 5:21). They refused to accept that Jesus was God in the flesh. Jesus’ power over sickness was due to His victory over sin.

The Call of Matthew—Levi, the Author of This Gospel—Matthew 9:9-13

Mark 2:13–17; Luke 5:27–32

Jesus Questioned about Fasting—Matthew 9:14-17

Mark 2:18-22; Luke 5:33-39

Matthew 9:14-17 — We … fast … but Your disciples do not fast. Fasting was most often a sign of sorrow, or of repentance (Esth. 4:3; Psalm 35:13; 69:10). Jesus identified Himself as the Messiah by using the termbridegroom, as did John (John 3:29). Jesus came to bring the Ne

Jesus’ Power over Death—Matthew 9:18-26

Mark 5:21-43; Luke 8:40-56

Matthew 9:22 — Be of good cheer … your faith has made you well.Much greater than physical healing is the healing of the soul. This can be done only by faith in Jesus—the Great Physician.

Jesus Heals the Blind—Matthew 9:27-31

Matt. 11:5; Mark 3:22-23; Luke 4:18; 7:21

Matthew 9:29 — According to your faith.God values faith above all other virtues. This is because faith is an expression of our total helplessness and reliance upon His grace alone. Any attempt to add our works to His grace is an act of unbelief.

Matthew 9:30 — See that no one knows.See Matthew 8:4. Jesus did not want people seeking Him only for physical healing. Rather, He wanted people seeking Him for cleansing from sin.

The Pharisees Accuse Jesus of Working Miracles by Satan’s Power—Matthew 9:32-34

Matthew 9:34 — The ruler of the demons.They are referring to Satan, also known asBeelzebub. See Matthew 10:25 and Luke 11:15. They are accusing Jesus of being in league or association with the devil.

Jesus Shows Compassion on the Multitudes—Matthew 9:35-38

Luke 10:1-3

Matthew 9:35 — Teaching … preaching … and healing.As in Matthew 4:23, these are the activities of true ministry, in their proper order.

Matthew 9:38 — Pray the Lord of the harvest.God the Father is referred to here, although the Holy Spirit, who both guides the messenger of the Gospel and convicts the hearts of men(John 16:7-13), could also be included.

Matthew Chapter 10 (Matthew 10) — Jesus gives power, instruction, and authority to the twelve disciples.

The Mission of the Twelve—Matthew 10:1-15

Mark 3:13-19; 6:7-13; Luke 6:12-16; 9:1-6

Matthew 10:1 — He … called His twelve disciples.Jesus had just asked the disciples to pray for workers in God’s harvest field. It is possible that these twelve, excepting Judas, were the ones who were praying.

Matthew 10:2-4 — The names of the twelve. Peter is always named first in every list. Here, they are named in pairs, probably the way that they were sent out. See Luke 10:1-2.

Instructed for Ministry and Warned of Persecution—Matthew 10:5-42

Mark 6:7-13; 13:9-13; Luke 9:1-6; 21:12-17

Matthew 10:5-42 — Jesus … commanded them.The commands for this missionary effort were: (1) They were to go only to Israel (Matthew 10:5-6). (2) They were to proclaim that the kingdom of Heaven, and thus the King, were at hand (Matthew 10:7). (3) They were to offer freely w

Matthew 10:42 — Shall by no means lose his reward. Though serving the Lord here is met with unbelief and persecution, we have the assurance of eternal reward for all faithful service (1 Cor. 3:8; Heb. 10:35).

Matthew Chapter 11 (Matthew 11) — Jesus declares blessing on all who believe in Him, and calls for judgment on all who reject Him.

John’s Question to Jesus, and the Lord’s Praise of John—Matthew 11:1-19

Luke 7:18-35

Jesus Declares Judgment on the Unrepentant Cities—Matthew 11:20-24

Luke 10:13-15; also Gen. 19:12-14

Matthew 11:20 — Cities … most of His mighty works … they did not repent.Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum, were close together. In spite of seeing and hearing of His mighty miracles, they largely rejected His claim as Messiah/Savior. Their unbelief, in the face of great

Matthew 11:22-23 — Tyre and Sidon … Sodom.It was in the region of Tyre and Sidon that Jesus commended the Canaanite woman for her great faith (Matt. 15:28). His point is that greater judgment will be given where greater privilege and light has been given (Luke 12:48).

God Gives Grace and Rest to the Humble; Jesus Calls All to Himself—Matthew 11:25-30

Luke 10:21-22

Matthew 11:25 — I thank You, Father.Jesus declares that God reveals His truth to those of child-like faith (Matt. 18:1-5). Those who assume they are wise are blinded (Rom. 1:22; 1 Cor. 1:18-31).

Matthew 11:27 — To whom the Son wills to reveal Him.As in Matthew 5:3-10, God reveals Himself to the humble in heart. Jesus declares, in John 14:6-7, that no one can come to the Father but through simple faith in Him. In the following verses, 28-30, it is clear that Jesu

Matthew 11:28-30 — Come to Me … I will give you rest.There are two invitations  here  and  two  kinds of  rest. The first  (Matthew 12:28) is to come to Jesus in faith to find eternal rest from the burdens of sin and death. The second (Matthew 12:29) then, after our salvati

Matthew Chapter 12 (Matthew 12) — The Pharisees, jealous of the multitudes following Jesus, increase their attacks on Him.

Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath—Matthew 12:1-14

Mark 2:23-28; 3:1-6; Luke 6:1-11

Matthew 12:1-2 — On the Sabbath.The Pharisees had added many rules and regulations for Sabbath observance that were not part of Moses’ Law. According to the teaching of the rabbis, the disciples broke two Sabbath laws: First of harvesting, and second of threshing—both of

Matthew 12:3-8 — For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.Jesus responds to the attack of the Pharisees with four arguments: David and his men ate consecrated bread and were guiltless because they were about the service of the Lord (1 Sam. 21:6). Also, David was the

Matthew 12:9-14 — Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?Since the Pharisees considered healing a work, it was not to be done on the Sabbath. They were more interested in keeping rules and regulations than in helping the needy.

Matthew 12:12 — How much more value … is a man than a sheep?Jesus reveals their hypocrisy. They would deliver a sheep, but not a man!

Matthew 12:14 — Then the Pharisees … plotted … how they might destroy Him.The opposition of the Pharisees now hardens into the plot to kill Jesus.

The Ministry of Jesus Fulfilled Prophecy—Matthew 12:15-21

Matthew 12:17-21 — That it might be fulfilled.Matthew repeatedly shows Jesus’ words and works to be a fulfillment of prophecy, here from Isaiah 42:1-4. This passage includes His ministry to Gentiles and His graciousness and gentleness to the weak and wounded.

The Unpardonable Sin of the Pharisees—Matthew 12:22-32

Mark 3:20-35; Luke 6:43-45

Matthew 12:23 — Could this be the Son of David? This title spoke of the coming King from the lineage of David, who would fulfill the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam. 7:12-17; Matt. 9:27; 21:9).

Matthew 12:24-37 — Blasphemy against the Spirit.The Pharisees repeatedly rejected Jesus’ claims to be the Messiah/Savior. Their unbelief brought about the increasing hardening of the heart (Rom. 1:18-32; Eph. 4:17-19) that led to accusing Jesus of being an agent of the devi

Matthew 12:29 — Then he will plunder his house.By Jesus’ words and works, He was binding Satan and setting free his slaves. 

Matthew 12:30 — He who does not gather with Me.Either we receive Jesus, or we reject Him. There is no middle ground. Either we work with Him, or against Him. This is true of all mankind.

Matthew 12:31 — Blasphemy against the Spirit.This refers to persistent unbelief in the face of the convicting ministry of the Holy Spirit (John 16:7-11; Heb. 3:7-15).

Every Tree is Known by Its Fruit—Matthew 12:33-37

Matt. 7:15-20

Matthew 12:33 — A tree is known by its fruit.We identify a tree by the kind of fruit it produces (James 3:12).

Matthew 12:34 — Brood of vipers!This accusation links them to their father, Satan (John 8:44; 2 Cor. 11:3; Rev. 12:9).For out of the ... heart the mouth speaks.Our words reveal the condition of our heart.

Matthew 12:37 — For by your words you will be justified ... condemned.With our mouth we express our faith or unbelief (Luke 19:22; Rom. 10:8-13).

The Sign of Jonah: Jesus Predicts His Resurrection—Matthew 12:38-42

Luke 11:29-32; see also John 2:18-22

Matthew 12:38-40 — The sign of the prophet Jonah.Jesus predicts His burial and resurrection. He also affirms that the story of Jonah actually happened.

Matthew 12:41-42 — Greater than Jonah … Solomon.The witness of Jesus’ words and works was greater than all others combined.

Reforming the Life Without Renewing the Soul Leads to a Worse End—Matthew 12:43-45

Luke 11:24-26; 2 Pet. 2:18-22

Matthew 12:43-45 — The last state … is worse than the first.Moral reform without regeneration (new birth) leaves a vacuum that even greater evil can fill. Jesus came into a dark world with the light of God (John 1:4-5, 9-11; 8:12). Many of His generation rejoiced in His mig

The True Family of Jesus is Those who Believe—Matthew 12:46-50

Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21

Matthew 12:48-50 — Who is My mother … whoever does the will of My Father.Jesus declares that the spiritual bond between Him and those who believe in Him is greater than flesh and blood. It is the Father’s will that we believe in Jesus Christ as Savior (Matt. 18:14; John 6:2

Matthew Chapter 13 (Matthew 13) — In the face of growing hostility and unbelief, Jesus begins teaching in parables about the mysteries of the kingdom of Heaven.

The Parable of the Sower—Matthew 13:1-9

Mark 4:1-9; Luke 8:4-8

Matthew 13:3 — He spoke … to them in parables.A parable is a story from daily life containing spiritual lessons. A parable generally has one main truth that is being stressed.

Matthew 13:3-9 — Behold, a sower went out to sow.This parable is explained in Matthew 13:18-23. The ultimate lesson is that we all, as disciples, ought to be like the good soil and bear much fruit.

Matthew 13:9 — He who has ears. We all have physical ears, but Jesus is speaking of spiritual ears of faith—humble and willing to listen to spiritual teaching.

The Purpose of the Parables—Matthew 13:10-17

Mark 4:10-12; Luke 8:9-10

Matthew 13:10-17 — It has been given to you.The Spirit of God reveals the truth of His Word to those who come in faith. They cannot be understood by human intellect (1 Cor. 2:9-16). These parables were designed to conceal truth from unbelievers, but to reveal it to His disc

Matthew 13:12 — Whoever has … does not have.Faith will always multiply and increase; unbelief will always diminish and lose, even though truth was given.

Matthew 13:17 — Many prophets and righteous men desired.With the coming of Jesus, the desire of the prophets was fulfilled. We experience things they could only hope for (1 Pet. 1:10-12).

Parable of the Sower Explained—Matthew 13:18-23

Mark 4:13-20; Luke 8:11-15

Matthew 13:23 — He who received seed on the good ground. God’s Word can only be received by simple childlike faith (Matt. 18:1-4; Mark 10:14; Luke 18:17; John 1:12; 1 Cor. 2:12-14; Col. 2:6). Those who receive it will bear fruit to varying degrees. Let us strive to bring

The Parable of the Tares—Matthew 13:24-30

Matthew 13:24-30 — His enemy … sowed tares.This parable is explained in Matthew 13:36-43. Jesus is showing that between His First and Second Coming, it will be difficult to distinguish His true followers from false teachers and false disciples. Remember that when Jesus taug

Matthew 13:30 — Let both grow together until the harvest.The harvest refers to the judgment at Jesus’ Second Coming. See Matthew 13:42 with Revelation 14:14-20; 19:11-21. John the Baptist warned of the same judgment (Matt. 3:11-12).

The Parable of the Mustard Seed—Matthew 13:31-32

Mark 4:30-32; Luke 13:18-19

Matthew 13:31-33 — Like a mustard seed … like leaven.Though Jesus began with only eleven true disciples, His kingdom would spread throughout the world. This Gospel ends in Matthew 28:18-20 with the commission to go into all the world. The Book of Acts shows the growth of th

The Parable of the Leaven—Matthew 13:33-35

Luke 13:20-21

Matthew 13:34-35 — Things … kept secret from the foundation of the world.Jesus introduced new revelation never before revealed. These are called mysteries and were further developed by the Apostle Paul (Rom. 11:25; 16:25-26; Eph. 3:3-12; Col. 1:26-27; 1 Tim. 3:16).

Jesus Explains the Parable of the Tares—Matthew 13:36-43

Matthew 13:38 — Sons of the kingdom.The Jews assumed they weresons of the kingdom by relationship to Abraham (Matt. 3:9). Jesus told them that even so they would be cast into Hell for their unbelief (Matt. 8:12). Here, Jesus uses the term for those who have received Him

Parables of the Value of the Kingdom—Matthew 13:44-46

Matthew 13:44-46 — The kingdom of heaven is like treasure … one pearl of great price.Nothing on Earth is worth sacrificing the kingdom of God for (Matt. 16:26; Mark 8:36). The decision to follow Christ often means willing to let go of this life (Phil. 1:21; 3:7).

The Parable of the Dragnet—Matthew 13:47-50

Matthew 13:47-50 — Like a dragnet … cast into the sea.The work of disciples is to gather as many as possible to hear the Gospel message. At the end of the age, when Jesus returns, His angels will separate the wicked (unbelievers) from the just (believers) (Matt. 24:31; Rev.

The Wise Scribe—Matthew 13:51-52

Matthew 13:52 — Treasure … new and old.Every scribe (teacher) who is well instructed about the kingdom is able to present treasures of truth, bringing together the old (Old Testament) and the new (New Testament).

Jesus Rejected in Nazareth—Matthew 13:53-58

Mark 6:1-6; Luke 4:16-30

Matthew 13:55-56 — His brothers … His sisters.Mary was a virgin until the birth of Jesus (Matt. 1:24-25). After that, Jesus’ half-brothers and half-sisters were born (Mark 6:3; Gal. 1:19).

Matthew 13:57 — They were offended at Him.The wisdom of Jesus, along with His miracles (Matthew 13:54), should have convinced them of His identity as the promised Messiah. Instead, because of their familiarity with His family, they rejected Him. Familiarity tends to resu

Matthew 13:58 — Because of their unbelief.Jesus did notcast [His]pearls before swine. See Matthew 7:6.

Matthew Chapter 14 (Matthew 14) — Herod’s fear, the death of John; the feeding of five thousand; Jesus walks on water.

John the Baptist Beheaded by Herod—Matthew 14:1-12

Mark 6:14-29; Luke 9:7-9

Matthew 14:1-2 — Herod … heard … about Jesus.This was one of the three sons of Herod the Great. His guilty conscience feared that John had been raised from the dead.

Matthew 14:3-12 — The death of John.It is not lawful for you to have her(Matthew 14:4). Herod (son of Herod the Great) and Herodias (granddaughter of Herod the Great) both left previous marriages to be united. This was an act of incest (Lev. 18:8-18). John was put to death

The Feeding of Five Thousand—Matthew 14:13-21

Mark 6:30-44; Luke 9:10-17; John 6:1-14

Matthew 14:13-21 — The feeding of themultitudes.This miracle is the only one recorded in all four Gospels (Mark 6; Luke 9; John 6). Here, we see that the ministry of Jesus was motivated by love and compassion, accomplished by divine power, made use of little to do great wor

Jesus Walks on the Sea—Matthew 14:22-33

Mark 6:45-52; John 6:15-21

Matthew 14:22-33 — Jesus walks on the water.As was His custom, Jesus retired alone to pray. See Mark 1:35. In the fourth watch of the night (Matthew 14:25, 3-6 a.m.), Jesus demonstrates His power over nature. Only God could do this. Peter was at first bold, then fearful, be

Matthew 14:27 — Be of good cheer! It is I.Jesus is literally saying,I AM, the name of God (Exod. 3:14). In John 8:24, Jesus said,If you do not believe that I am He, you will die in your sins.See again the note on Matthew 1:21-23.

The Healing Power of Jesus—Matthew 14:34-36

Mark 6:53-56

Matthew 14:34-36 — Begged Him that they might only touch the hem of His garment. These people had no doubt heard of the faith of the woman recorded in Matthew 9:20-21. Our faith is great only when we trust in the greatness of the Savior (Matt. 8:10).

Matthew Chapter 15 (Matthew 15) — Jesus rebukes the religious leaders, but shows compassion on the common people.

Defilement Comes from Within—Matthew 15:1-20

Mark 7:1-23

Matthew 15:1-2 — Your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders.The hatred of the religious leaders intensifies through the book of Matthew. The rabbis had taken laws that applied to the priesthood (Lev. 22:1-16) and applied them to everyone. See also Mark 7:2-4.

Matthew 15:3 — You also transgress the commandment of God because of your tradition.Jewish culture was built around oral interpretations of the Law of Moses that sadly had become more binding than Scripture itself. The Word of God must never be replaced by any culture o

Matthew 15:4-6 — Honor your father and your mother.This honor included caring for aged parents. But Jewish tradition said that if you dedicate your wealth to the Temple, you are exempt from the need to care for your parents. See Mark 7:9-13. It was common to falsely pledg

Matthew 15:7-9 — Hypocrites! ... Teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.See Isaiah 29:13. The use of the word hypocrite was one of Jesus’ greatest rebukes for religious pretense. See Matthew 23:13-39. It is a dangerous thing when the teachings of men overrule the S

Matthew 15:10-11 — Whatcomesoutofthemouth,thisdefilesa man.  The mouth speaks from what is in the heart (Matthew 15:18-20; James 3:1-12).

Matthew 15:12-14 — The Pharisees were offended.Here, we see the weakness of the disciples. They still feared the Pharisees.

Matthew 15:15-20 — Out of the heart.The Pharisees were concerned with outward appearance (Matt. 6:1-2; Luke 11:39-44). Jesus always put the emphasis on the inner spiritual reality, not the external ritual. See Romans 6:17; Ephesians 3:16-17; Hebrews 10:22.

The Faith of a Gentile Woman—Matthew 15:21-28

Mark 7:24-30

Matthew 15:22 — O Lord, Son of David!This Gentile woman acknowledges that Jesus is the Messiah/Savior.

Matthew 15:23-24 — I was not sent except to the lost sheep … of Israel.It was only right that the Jews should be first to receive the Gospel (Rom. 1:16) as both the Scriptures and the Savior had come through them. Only after Israel rejected Jesus did He give the great commi

Matthew 15:25-27 — Children’s bread … little dogs.The Jews often referred to Gentiles as dogs. Here, Jesus uses a word that means little puppies. He is testing both her faith and her humility. Great faith always involves great humility (Matt. 8:8-10; 18:1-4; 1 Pet. 5:5).

Matthew 15:28 — Great is your faith!Jesus said this only twice, both times to Gentiles (Matt. 8:10).

Jesus Heals the Multitudes—Matthew 15:29-31

Mark 7:31-37

Matthew 15:29-31 — They glorified the God of Israel.Jesus is still in Gentile country (Mark 7:31). Where most of the Jews rejected Him, these Gentiles gladly received Him in simple faith.

Jesus Feeds Four Thousand—Matthew 15:32-39

Mark 8:1-10

Matthew 15:32-39 — I have compassion on the multitude.Jesus cares not only for the souls of men, but also for their daily needs (Matt. 6:11). In spite of seeing these miracles, the disciples still did not fully understand His power or His purpose. See Matthew 16:9-11.

Matthew Chapter 16 (Matthew 16) — Jesus rebukes religious evil, is identified by Peter, predicts His death and resurrection, and calls the disciples to full surrender.

Jesus Rebukes the Pharisees and Sadducees for Their Unbelief—Matthew 16:1-12

Mark 8:11-13; Luke 12:54-56

Matthew 16:1 — The Pharisees and Sadducees came, and [tested]Him.These two groups were normally enemies. Their hatred for Jesus brought them together. While Pharisees were fanatical about the Law, Sadducees were from the Priesthood, denied the future resurrection of the

Matthew 16:3 — You cannot discern the signs of the times.They rejected John’s fulfillment of prophecy (Isa. 40:3-5; Matt. 3:3; 11:10), Jesus’ fulfillment of Isaiah 61:1 (Matt. 11:3), and many other prophecies which they knew. Jesus calls themhypocrites.See Matthew 23:13

Matthew 16:4 — He left them and departed.The wordleft used here means to forsake, to abandon. Jesus has turned His back on the religious leaders of Israel!

Matthew 16:6 — Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.Leaven is often used to indicate the power of evil teaching to spread. The doctrine of these groups was a mixture of legalism, religious pretense, worldliness, and hypocrisy.

Peter’s Confession of Jesus Christ—Matthew 16:13-20

Mark 8:27-30; Luke 9:18-20

Matthew 16:13 — Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am? Jesus makes a contrast between who He truly is, and what men say. The very fact that most identified Him as a prophet from the past revealed their refusal to admit that He was the promised Savior or Messiah.

Matthew 16:16 — You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God.Peter acknowledges that Jesus is both man and God, the human Messiah, and the divine Son of God. This goes back to His virgin birth and the nameImmanuel (Matt. 1:23).

Matthew 16:18 — On this rock I will build My church. Therock is an Old Testament title for the Messiah (Exod. 17:6; Num. 20:8; Deut. 32:4; Psalm 18:2; 1 Cor. 10:4). The Church will be built on the confession of Jesus as Savior (Rom. 9:33; 10:9-13; Eph. 2:20; 1 Pet. 2:6-8

Matthew 16:19 — I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Peter would open the door to the kingdom for the Jews at Pentecost (Acts 2), and to the Gentiles at the house of Cornelius (Acts 10). The verb tenses show that Peter will carry out what has been decided i

Matthew 16:20 — He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one.This restriction was only until the crucifixion of Jesus Christ on the cross and His resurrection was accomplished. Then they were to tell the world (Matt. 28:18-20).

Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection—Matthew 16:21-23

Mark 8:31-33; Luke 9:21-22

Matthew 16:21 — He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer … and be killed, and be raised the third day.Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection were necessary to fulfill prophecy and to provide eternal life to all who believe (Isa. 53; Acts 2:22-35; 1 Cor. 15:3-4). It was in Jer

Matthew 16:23 — Get behind Me, Satan!The wordSatan means opponent or adversary. Peter, in trying to protect Jesus, was acting in opposition to the plan of God. Here, Peter was doing the devil’s bidding.

Disciples Must Take up Their Cross—Matthew 16:24-28

Mark 8:34-38; Luke 9:23-26

Matthew 16:24 — If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself.Jesus sets three conditions for discipleship: First, self-denial—the surrender of our life to His cause. Second, to take up the cross of sacrifice and service. Third, the continual following of Jesu

Matthew 16:27 — Then He will reward each according to his works. Where eternal life is a free gift (John 3:16; Rom. 6:23; Eph. 2:8-9), eternal rewards are for faithful service to the Lord (Matt. 5:12; 6:4, 6, 18-20; Mark 10:29-31; Heb. 10:35; 11:26; Rev. 22:12).

Matthew 16:28 — Assuredly I say to you, there are some standing here who shall not taste death till they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.Jesus is referring to the coming transfiguration (Matt. 17:1-8; Mark 9:2; Luke 9:27). Only Peter, James, and John witnessed t

Matthew Chapter 17 (Matthew 17) — The transfiguration of Jesus; the disciples’ lack of faith; Jesus again predicts His death and resurrection.

Jesus’ Kingdom Glory Revealed—Matthew 17:1-13

Mark 9:1-13; Luke 9:27-36; 2 Pet. 1:16-18

Matthew 17:1-2 — After six days Jesus … was transfigured before them.The transfiguration of Jesus fulfilled His words in Matthew 16:28. His transfiguration was a confirmation of: (1) His coming kingdom, in which Old Testament saints and New Testament believers would be to

Matthew 17:5 — This is My beloved Son.These words come from Psalm 2:7. The words,in whom I am well pleased,relate to Isaiah 42:1, andHear Him!to Deuteronomy 18:15. All these are Messianic prophecies.

Matthew 17:9 — Tell … no one until the Son of Man is risen from the dead.See Matthew 16:20-21.

Matthew 17:12 — Elijah has come already.The coming of John the Baptist was in the spirit and power of Elijah (Luke 1:17). If Israel had accepted Jesus, this would have fulfilled the prophecy (Mal. 4:5-6). Since they rejected Him, Elijah will come in the future (Rev. 11:3

The Infinite Power of Faith—Matthew 17:14-21

Mark 9:14-29; Luke 9:37-43

Matthew 17:15-16 — Lord, have mercy … Your disciples … could not cure him.Jesus had given power to the disciples to cast out demons (Matt. 10:1; Luke 10:17).

Matthew 17:17 — O faithless and perverse generation.Here, Jesus rebukes not only unbelieving Israel, but also His disciples for their lack of faith.

Matthew 17:20 — Because of your unbelief.When believers doubt God’s power, they are no more effective than unbelievers.As a mustard seed.The power of faith is not in its own greatness, but rather in the object of that faith—the Lord Jesus Christ. If we doubt Him, we are

Matthew 17:21 — Except by prayer and fasting.If we neglect daily spiritual disciplines in our lives, the result will always be a lack of power and effectiveness in our service to Him. James 2:14-24 describes not an unbeliever, but rather a believer who, due to lack of fa

Jesus Predicts His Betrayal—Matthew 17:22-23

Mark 9:30-32; Luke 9:43-45

Matthew 17:22 — The Son of Man is about to be betrayed.Jesus again predicts His death, burial, and resurrection. The sorrow of the disciples shows that they believed He would be killed but they did not grasp the promise of His resurrection. See Mark 9:30-32 and Luke 9:44

If Our Lives Offend, We Hinder our Ministry—Matthew 17:24-27

Matthew Chapter 18 (Matthew 18) — The power of child-like humility/faith—and forgiveness.

Become as Little Children—Matthew 18:1-14

Mark 9:33-50; Luke 9:46-50

Matthew 18:1 — Who then is greatest …?This was one of the disciples’ favorite topics for discussion. They argued over this as they entered the Upper Room (Luke 22:24).

Matthew 18:3 — Unless you are converted and become as little children.The wordconverted means to turn around or to change direction. It effectively defines what repent means—to turn from pride and self-sufficiency to humble dependence. This was the meaning of John’s cal

Matthew 18:4 — Whoever humbles himself … is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.Verses 3 and 4 make it clear that child-like humility is essential both to enter the kingdom, and to become great in it. The first refers to new birth, the second to spiritual growth and s

Matthew 18:7 — Woe to the world because of offenses.Three kinds of offense or stumbling are noted: of one believer against another (Matthew 18:6), of the world against believers (Matthew 18:7), and of the believer against himself (Matthew 18:8-9). All are caused because

Matthew 18:8 — If your hand … causes you to sin, cut it off.Jesus is using strong figurative language. If we cut off each member when it causes us to sin, we would soon be dead. In practical terms, we cut off those members by considering them to be dead—crucified with C

Matthew 18:11 — For the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost.Jesus Christ came to save, not to judge (John 3:16-17; Luke 9:56; 19:10). Simple faith in Him is the way of salvation (John 1:12; 3:36; 6:40; 20:31).

Matthew 18:14 — It is not the will of your Father … that one of these little ones should perish.These little ones refers to all who come to Him in simple, humble faith. Jesus Christ desires the eternal salvation of all men (Rom. 3:21-24; 1 Tim. 2:4-6; 4:10; 2 Pet. 3:9).

Offending and Forgiving—Matthew 18:15-35

Matthew 18:15 — If your brother sins against you. Jesus turns from warning us not to offend, to teaching us how to deal with those who offend or sin against us.Go and tell him … between you and him alone.Sin should always be dealt with privately, if possible. The more si

Matthew 18:17 — If He refuses … tell it to the church.Three steps for addressing sin are given here: first, it is private; then, with faithful witnesses, and finally, before the church. The offender is given the opportunity to correct himself privately before it is made

Matthew 18:18-20 — Whateveryoubindonearth…wheretwo or three are gathered.This refers to the witnesses in Matthew 18:15-16, or the decisions of the Church Body.In My namemeans according to His Word and the guidance of His Spirit (Matt. 16:19; John 20:21-23; 1 Cor. 5:4).

Matthew 18:21 — How often shall … I forgive him?The Jewish rabbis taught that sin should only be forgiven three times (see Amos 1:3, 6, 9, 11, 13; 2:1, 4, 6). Peter is going far beyond what he had been taught. But Jesus teaches us to forgive always, as He does.

Matthew 18:23-34 — The kingdom of heaven is like … Jesus tells a parable to illustrate how God has forgiven us an impossible amount, and we, out of gratitude, should also forgive others (Matt. 7:1-5; Luke 7:40-50).

Matthew 18:35 — So My heavenly Father also will do. God holds us accountable for both the grace we have received and the truth we have learned (Matt. 12:36; 1 Cor. 3:10-15; 2 Cor. 5:9-10).

Matthew Chapter 19 (Matthew 19) — Jesus corrects Jewish misconception about various topics (Mark 10:1-31; Luke 16:18; 18:15-30).

Teaching on Marriage and Divorce—Matthew 19:1-12

Mark 10:1-12

Matthew 19:3 — The Pharisees also came … testing Him.As in Matthew 16:1, their question is not genuine. Perhaps they hoped he would side with John the Baptist, who was killed for this question (Matt. 14:3-10).For just any reason.Hillel, one of Israel’s famous rabbis, ta

Matthew 19:4 — Have you not read?This was an insult to the Pharisees, who considered themselves experts in all the Scripture. Jesus refers to Genesis 1:27 and 2:24, based on God’s original order in creation.

Matthew 19:6 — Theyarenolongertwo. The union of marriage is not only physical, but spiritual (1 Cor. 6:16; 7:2; Eph. 5:25-32).

Matthew 19:8 — Moses … permitted you to divorce.Here, Jesus refers to Deuteronomy 24:1-4. See Matthew 5:31-32 and Luke 16:18.The hardness of your hearts.See Malachi 2:14-16 and Hebrews 3:15.

Matthew 19:10 — It is better not to marry.See Proverbs 21:19, but also 1 Corinthians 7:1-6. Marriage is designed to be a life-long commitment between one man and one woman (Matt. 19:5; Gen. 2:24). It is better not to marry than to make a mockery of marriage.

Matthew 19:12 — There are eunuchs … born … made … made themselves.Jesus describes those born sexually incapable, those who are castrated, and those who remain single or celibate for the sake of serving God’s kingdom. Paul was such a person (1 Cor. 7:7-8, 32-35).He who is

Jesus’ Love for Little Children—Matthew 19:13-15

Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17

Matthew 19:13 — The disciples rebuked them.They rebuked the parents for bringing their children, probably assuming Jesus was weary, or that they were unimportant.

Matthew 19:14 — Of such is the kingdom.As in Matthew 18:1-4, Jesus declares that child-like faith and humility is the only way to enter His kingdom.

Jesus Teaches that No One Can Enter Eternal Life through Works—Matthew 19:16-26

Mark 10:17-22; Luke 18:18-23

Matthew 19:16 — What good thing shall I do?This ruler believed he could work his way into Heaven. This was the common belief in Jesus’ time.

Matthew 19:17 — Why do you call Me good?In essence, Jesus is asking the ruler if he believed in His true identity as God.Keep the commandments.If anyone could keep all the Law of Moses, they would enter into the kingdom, because they would be perfect. Only Jesus kept the

Matthew 19:20 — What do I still lack?This man knew that in all his goodness, he still lacked something. As a young man, Paul was just like this, yet he left it all for Christ’s sake (Phil. 3:1-11).

Matthew 19:21 — If you want to be perfect.Jesus is not teaching salvation by a work. Rather, He is touching on the one thing keeping the young ruler from trusting and following Him. See Romans 3:21-24 and Ephesians 2:8-9. If he truly fulfilledlove your neighbor as yourse

Matthew 19:25 — Who then can be saved? The disciples realize that no one could possibly earn eternal life. Jesus confirms this conclusion (Matthew 19:26), by saying that salvation is impossible for men, as only God can give eternal life to those who believe (Rom. 6:23; E

Jesus Assures the Disciples of Their Eternal Reward—Matthew 19:27-30

Mark 10:28-31; Luke 18:28-30

Matthew 19:27 — We have left all … what shall we have?Peter’s question is natural, as they had done what Jesus commanded (Matt. 4:18-22; 16:24-27).

Matthew 19:28 — Intheregeneration. Jesus is referring to His coming kingdom reign on the New Earth (Isa. 11:6-9; Dan. 7:13-14; Rev. 21:1-5).

Matthew 19:29 — Shall receive a hundredfold … and inherit everlasting life.You must be a son (heir) before you can inherit. Inheritance and salvation are not the same thing. Salvation is a free gift of God to all who believe (John 3:16; 10:28; Rom. 6:23). Inheritance is

Matthew 19:30 — Many who are first will be last.In His kingdom, Jesus will rule righteously (Psalm 89:14; 97:2). Many who promote themselves in this life will be demoted (1 Corinthians 3:8-15). Many who are cast aside in this world will befirst in the kingdom.

Matthew Chapter 20 (Matthew 20) — Jesus illustrates “the first shall be last” and again predicts His coming death and resurrection.

The Parable of the Landowner and the Workers—Matthew 20:1-16

Matthew 20:1 — For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner.Parables use examples from daily life to teach a spiritual lesson.

Matthew 20:2 — He … agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day. This was the typical daily wage in Jesus’ time. The workers agreed to this payment.

Matthew 20:4 — Whatever is right I will give you.Here, the workers trust the landowner’s fairness. There is faith involved in this agreement.

Matthew 20:6 — And about the eleventh hour.Since the typical workday was twelve hours, this is one hour before quitting time. Again, the promise is that they will receivewhatever is right(v.4).

Matthew 20:8 — Beginning with the last to the first.Here,Jesus may be referring to Israel as those who had borne the heat of the day. The last workers could illustrate the Gentiles, who were now flocking into the kingdom.

Matthew 20:9 — They each received a denarius.What the early workers had agreed to (Matthew 20:2) was also given to the late workers. The salvation God promised to Israel throughout the ages, is equally given to believing Gentiles (Rom. 2:28-3:2; 9:4-5; Eph. 2:11-13).

Matthew 20:10-11 — They supposed … they complained[murmured].Human judgment can never understand the greatness of God’s grace. We can never assume that God owes us anything. His grace will always surpass human reason. See 1 Corinthians 2:11-16.

Matthew 20:15 — Is your eye evil because I am good?The self-righteous are always offended by the grace God shows to sinners (Mark 2:14-17; Luke 7:36-50; 19:1-10).

Matthew 20:16 — So the last will be first, and the first last.The Church, which camelast, will receive its rewardsfirst (1 Cor. 3:10–15), following the Rapture (1 Thess. 4:13–18), and also be given a greater position in the kingdom than Israel, reigning with Christ (2 Ti

Jesus Warns Again of His Coming Death and Resurrection—Matthew 20:17-19

Mark 10:32-34; Luke 18:31-34

Matthew 20:18-19 — Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem … to scourge and to crucify … and … rise again.This is the third time Jesus tells the disciples He will be crucified (Matt. 16:21; 17:22-23).

Greatness in the Kingdom Comes from Suffering and Serving—Matthew 20:21-28

Mark 10:35-45

Matthew 20:21 — One on Your right hand and the other on the left.In the Gospel of Mark, it is James and John who ask this question. Here, their mother is asking. This is a request for the two highest positions in the kingdom. See Luke 22:24.

Matthew 20:22 — Are you able to drink the cup … be baptized?Jesus is referring to His crucifixion, where He will be identified with sinners and become sin for us (2 Cor. 5:21; Luke 12:50 and notes on Matthew 3:6 regarding baptism). All of the disciples, except John, were

Matthew 20:26 — Whoever desires to become great … let him be your servant.This is another way of explaining,the first shall be last.Greatness in God’s kingdom means being the best servant (Matt. 18:1-4; Phil. 2:5-11). King Rehoboam was given this counsel but rejected it

Matthew 20:28 — The Son of Man … to give His life a ransom.Jesus not only foretold His death but explained its purpose. His death was to pay the debt of our sin, and to purchase eternal life for us (Isa. 53; John 3:16; 1 Tim. 2:3-6). The wordransom was used for purchasin

Healing of the Blind—Matthew 20:29-34

Mark 10:46-52; Luke 18:35-43

Matthew 20:30 — Behold, two blind men.While Matthew mentions two blind men, in Mark and Luke, only one blind man is mentioned (Bartimaeus).O Lord, Son of David.They believed in Him as the promised Savior and Messiah (2 Sam. 7:12-17; Isa. 11:1-5, 10-11; 12:1-6).

Matthew 20:34 — Jesus had compassion and touched their eyes. Jesus’ power to heal revealed both His love for men, and His identity as the Savior (Isa. 61:1-3).

Matthew Chapter 21 (Matthew 21) — The King comes to Jerusalem; purifies the Temple; is rejected by the leaders; and warns of coming judgment.

The King Presents Himself—Matthew 21:1-11

Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:28-44; John 12:12-19

Matthew 21:2-3 — The Lord has need of them. The owner was a follower of Jesus. It is possible Jesus had arranged to have the animals ready.

Matthew 21:4-9 — That it might be fulfilled. One of Matthew’s goals is to show how Jesus fulfilled prophecy (Matt. 1:22; 2:15, 17, 23; 4:14; 5:17; 8:17; 12:17; 13:35).

Matthew 21:5 — Your King is coming … sitting on a donkey.This prophecy is in Zechariah 9:9. Still, overall, the people rejected Him.

Matthew 21:9 — Hosanna to the Son of David!The wordHosanna means Lord, save now.See Psalm 118:25-28. In this Psalm, the Messiah is identified as God. Until this time, Jesus avoided public attention (Matt. 8:4; 9:30; 12:16; 17:9).

Matthew 21:11 — Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth.This multitude still does not recognize Him as the Messiah.

Jesus Purifies the Temple—Matthew 21:12-17

Mark 11:15-19; Luke 45-48

Matthew 21:13 — My house shall be called a house of prayer.Jesus quotes Isaiah 56:7 and Jeremiah 7:11. The Temple leaders would reject the animals of the poor for sacrifice, then sell others to them at twice the normal price.

Matthew 21:15-16 — The chief priests and scribes … were indignant.The leaders of the nation officially reject Jesus as the Messiah.Out of the mouth of babes.See Psalm 8:2 and Luke 19:39-40.

The Cursing of the Fig Tree—Matthew 21:18-22

Mark 11:12-14, 20-24

Matthew 21:19 — He came … and found nothing … but leaves.The fig tree is symbolic of Israel. Both the vine and the fig represent either God’s blessing or cursing on Israel based on their obedience or disobedience (1 Kings 4:25; Psalm 105:33; Isa. 5:1-7; Jer. 5:17; Micah

Matthew 21:21 — If you have faith.The fig tree illustrates two great truths: First, Israel will suffer the curse of their unbelief, beginning in the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. Second, the disciples are to learn the power of faith for effective prayer (Matt. 7:7-

Jesus’ Authority Challenged Again—Matthew 21:23-27

Mark 11:27-33; Luke 19:47-48

Matthew 21:23 — The chief priests and the elders … confronted Him … who gave You this authority?Jesus refuses to answer their challenge. They have no right to question Him. Rather, He puts them on the spot with another question. Their inability to answer shows them to be

Two Parables Showing Israel’s Rebellion—Matthew 21:28-46

Mark 12:1-12; Luke 19:47-48; 20:9-19

Matthew 21:28-31 — A man had two sons … Which of the two did the will of his father? As Matthew 21:31 shows, this parable illustrates the difference between the religious leaders and the people they considered to be sinners. The sinners repented when John came, but the lead

Matthew 21:32 — You did not believe … tax collectors and harlots believed.Jesus makes clear that it is faith that God accepts. Believing sinners are acceptable to God; unbelieving religious leaders are not!

Matthew 21:33 — A certain landowner … planted a vineyard. The landowner represents God, and the vineyard is Israel. (Psalm 80:8-16: Isa. 5:1-7). The servants of the owner represent the prophets, and the vinedressers represent the religious leaders of Israel (1 Thess. 2:1

Matthew 21:37 — Last of all he sent his son.This represents the coming of Jesus Christ (John 1:14; 3:16; Heb. 1:1-3).

Matthew 21:41 — He will destroy those wicked men.Jesus trapped the religious leaders into passing sentence upon themselves (Matt. 12:37).

Matthew 21:42 — Have you never read … the stone which the builders rejected.Once again, Jesus insults their lack of biblical knowledge. Thestoneis the same as therockin Matthew 16:18. Jesus Christ is thecornerstone(Psalm 118:22-23), and He is also thefoundation (1 Cor. 3

Matthew 21:43 — The kingdom of God will be taken from you. During the Church Age, from Pentecost to the Rapture (1 Thess. 4:13-18), possession of the kingdom would belong to the Church (Rom. 11:25; 1 Pet. 2:4-10).

Matthew 21:44 — Whoever falls on this stone.To fall on Christ in faith breaks our pride, but to be fallen on by Him in judgment is to be destroyed (Isa. 8:14-15; Dan. 2:44-45).

Matthew 21:45 — The chief priests and Pharisees … perceived that He was speaking of them.They realized that they were the wicked vinedressers in the parable. For this, they wanted to kill Him but feared the multitudes.

Matthew Chapter 22 (Matthew 22) — The parable of the Wedding Feast brings increased opposition.

The Wedding Feast—Matthew 22:1-14

Luke 14:15-24

Matthew 22:2 — A certain king … arranged a marriage for his son.God the Father is the king, and Jesus Christ is His son. The Jews rightly believed that the kingdom would begin with a wedding feast (Matt. 8:11-12; Luke 13:28-29).

Matthew 22:3 — Sent out his servants.These represent the prophets sent to Israel (Matt. 23:34-35).Those who were invited.All Israel was invited to join the wedding feast in the kingdom (John 3:29).They were not willing to come.This reveals the hardness of heart of most

Matthew 22:4 — I have prepared my dinner.The word used here means the early meal, for those who arrived before the main feast. Israel could have been feasting with Christ before the coming of the kingdom. This was the purpose of the ministry of John the Baptist.

Matthew 22:7 — The king … was furious.Here, Jesus describes the coming destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. (Matt. 24:1-2; Luke 21:20-24).

Matthew 22:8 — Those who were invited were not worthy.By their unbelief, they (unbelieving Israel) disqualified themselves from attending (Acts 13:38-41, 46).

Matthew 22:10 — Those servants went out into the highways.This verse anticipates the ministry of the apostles, who were toGo … and make disciples of all the nations (Matt. 28:19).Both bad and good.This refers to both Gentiles and Jews. Most Jews did not believe Gentiles

Matthew 22:11 — A man … who did not have on a wedding garment.The wedding garment was provided by the king for his guests. Here, it represents our robes of the imputed righteousness of Christ (Rev. 6:11; 7:9, 13-14).

Matthew 22:12-13 — Cast him into outer darkness.This is the fate of all who refuse to believe in Jesus Christ (Matt. 8:12; 25:30). The Jewish rabbis usedouter darkness to refer to Hell (Matt. 24:51; 25:30, 41, 46). It is most interesting that before Jesus celebrated the Las

Matthew 22:14 — For many are called … few are chosen.The invitation to enter eternal life is given to all, but onlyfew receive it by faith.

The Increasing Opposition of the Religious Leaders—Matthew 22:15-46

Mark 12:13-34; Luke 20:20-47

Matthew 22:15-16 — Then the Pharisees … the Herodians.These two groups were enemies. The Pharisees were devoted to the Law of Moses; the Herodians were supporters of Roman domination over Israel.

Matthew 22:17 — Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar?They hoped to trap Jesus (Matthew 22:15). If He said Yes, He would side with the Herodians. If He said No, He would side with the Pharisees. Either way, the other side could attack Him.

Matthew 22:21 — Render to Caesar … and to God.The tax money bore the image of Caesar (Matthew 22:19-21). Humans bear the image of God (Gen. 1:26; James 3:9). God has claim to our souls, but the government only to taxes.

Matthew 22:23 — The same day the Sadducees.All the religious groups are now out to attack Jesus. This group denied the existence of angels and the resurrection of the body (Acts 23:8; 1 Cor. 15:12-58).

Matthew 22:24 — Moses said … if a man dies.This law, called levirate marriage, was based on Deuteronomy 25:5-10, but was not compulsory. This was the basis for the marriage of Boaz and Ruth (Ruth 3-4). It was designed to provide a home and protection for the widow.

Matthew 22:29 — You are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God.This was a powerful rebuke by Jesus. Because they were ignorant of the Word of God, they were ignorant of His power to raise the dead.

Matthew 22:32 — I am the God of Abraham.The  sacred  Name of  God given  to Moses wasYahweh/Jehovah, translated,I AM (Exod. 3:14). This reveals not only God’s power, but also that He is self-existent. As the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, He is saying that they were v

Matthew 22:33 — The multitudes … were astonished.No one had ever taught that the patriarchs of Israel were still very much alive.

Matthew 22:36 — Which is the great commandment?The Jews believed that there was one good work that could save them, but that it was hidden from them. See Matthew 19:16. Jesus showed them that only love, which comes from faith, can fulfill the Law (Rom. 13:8-10; Gal. 5:6)

Matthew 22:37-40 — You shall love the Lord your God … and … your neighbor.Jesus is quoting Deuteronomy 6:4-5 and Leviticus 19:18. In the Ten Commandments (Exod. 20:1-17), the first five relate to love of God, the last five to love of our neighbor. No one can fulfill these c

Jesus Asks His Own Question—Matthew 22:41-46

Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44

Matthew 22:42 — Christ? … whose Son is He?After answering three of their questions, Jesus asks them His own. There were many false views about the Christ/Messiah at this time.The Son of David.This statement was certainly true (Matt. 1:1; 21:9). However, they believed He

Matthew 22:44 — The Lord said to my Lord.David wrote this in Psalm 110:1. It looks forward to the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Acts 7:56; Col. 3:1-4; Heb. 10:11-14).

Matthew 22:45 — If David … calls Him ‘Lord.’Apart from recognizing the deity of Jesus Christ, they could not answer this question. He is both Son of God and Son of David.

Matthew Chapter 23 (Matthew 23) — Jesus condemns the scribes and Pharisees and predicts the fall of Jerusalem

Jesus Warns Against Religious Hypocrisy—Matthew 23:1-12

Mark 12:38-40; Luke 20:45-47

Matthew 23:2 — The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat.Jesus recognizes their official position as teachers of the Law. This would change with the tearing of the veil in the Temple (Matt. 27:50-51) and Pentecost (Acts 2).

Matthew 23:3 — They say, and do not do.Instead of using the Law to bring people to faith (Gal. 3:21-25), they used it to dominate the people.

Matthew 23:5 — They do to be seen by men.This goes back to what Jesus warned about in Matthew 6:1-8, 16-18. They sought for recognition (Matthew 23:5), honor (Matthew 23:6), and titles (Matthew 23:7). Too many church leaders today are just like them!

Matthew 23:8 — One is your Teacher, the Christ.Here, Jesus identifies Himself as the Christ or Messiah. He alone is worthy of all honor and praise (Eph. 3:21; Phil. 2:10-11; 2 Tim. 4:18; James 2:1).

Matthew 23:11-12 — He who humbles himself will be exalted.As Jesus taught the disciples in Matthew 18:1-4, greatness in His kingdom will be the reward of those who humble themselves as servants (Matt. 20:28; Mark 10:45; Luke 9:23; Rom. 8:17; 2 Tim. 2:12).

Jesus Declares Seven Woes on the Scribes and Pharisees—Matthew 23:13

Matthew 23:13 — Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!The wordwoe is a warning of severe judgment to come. See Isaiah 5:8-23 and Habakkuk 2:5-20. In Jesus’ mind, hypocritedescribes the evil of religious unbelievers (Job 13:16; Isa. 9:17; Matt. 7:5; 15:7-9; 22:18-

Matthew 23:14 — Devour widows’ houses.As many do today, they would use the grief of widows to promise prayers for the dead in return for offerings.

Matthew 23:15 — To win one proselyte. Religious leaders made great efforts to convert Gentiles to Judaism, but instead of teaching them the truth of God’s Word, they loaded them down with religious duties.

Matthew 23:16-22 — Whoever swears by the temple. This section reveals how twisted the values of the scribes and Pharisees were. They valued gold and gifts more than the Temple, which was a picture of Jesus Christ (John 2:19; Heb. 10:19-20). See also Matthew 5:33-37 and Jame

Matthew 23:23 — Justice and mercy and faith. These hypocrites were incredibly careful about outward shows of piety, but not concerned with true inward transformation. See Genesis 18:19, Deuteronomy 10:12, and Micah 6:8.

Matthew 23:24 — Strain out a gnat and swallow a camel.Both of these animals were declared unclean for eating in the Law (Lev. 11:4, 20, 41-47; Deut. 14:7, 19). His point is that they focus on small things and ignore the big issues of spiritual life.

Matthew 23:26 — First cleanse the inside of the cup.Jesus is saying that regeneration, or new birth, must come before good works (Eph. 2:8-10; 2 Tim. 2:19-22; Titus 2:11-15).

Matthew 23:27 — Whitewashed tombs.Again, the leaders’ concern was for outward beauty, not their inward corruption. Note that from Matthew 23:25-28, Jesus contrasts the inner versus the outer four times.

Matthew 23:31 — You are sons of those who murdered the prophets.Jesus is saying that they share the same attitude, actions, and guilt of their forefathers (Acts 7:51-53; 1 Thess. 2:14-16).

Matthew 23:34 — I send you prophets, wise men, and scribes.Jesus is identifying Himself as the God of the Old Testament.

Matthew 23:35 — The blood of righteous Abel to … Zechariah.Cain’s death is recorded in Genesis 4:8; he was the first martyr. The murder of Zechariah is recorded in 2 Chronicles 24:20-22, which is the last book of the Hebrew Bible. Jesus is citing the first to the last wh

Matthew 23:36 — Upon this generation.He is predicting the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. and the destruction of the nation. The Olivet Discourse (Matthew 24-25) will give further detail.

Matthew 23:37 — How often I wanted to gather your children.Throughout the entire history of Israel in the Old Testament, this was God’s desire.

Matthew 23:38 — Your house is left to you desolate.Thehouse can refer to the Temple, or the entire nation. Both will be utterly destroyed.

Matthew 23:39 — Blessed is He who comes. This is from Psalm 118:26, which anticipates Jesus’ Second Coming. These same words were spoken by the multitude at Jesus’ triumphal entry (John 12:13). It is interesting that the verse in the middle of whole Bible is Psalm 118:8,

Matthew Chapter 24 (Matthew 24) — The Olivet Discourse (Matthew 24-25) predicts the destruction of Israel in 70 A.D. and the coming Tribulation Period. The Church is not in view here, as the mystery of the Church Age was not yet revealed (Rom. 16:25-27; Eph. 3:1-13).

The Coming Judgment on Israel—Matthew 24:1-42

Mark 13:1-27; Luke 21:5-28

Matthew 24:1 — Then Jesus … departed from the temple.Jesus leaves the Temple for the last time, fulfilling the vision of Ezekiel about the glory of God departing (Ezek. 10:18-19; 11:22-23).

Matthew 24:3 — Tell us, when … and what.Jesus does not specify the time of the destruction of the Temple but, rather, expounds on the coming Tribulation—thetime of Jacob’s trouble (Jer. 30:7).

Matthew 24:4-7 — Take heed that no one deceives you.The two great dangers facing believers in the End Times are deception fromfalse christs (Matt. 24:24) and fear from the increasing judgments (Rev. 6:1-8).

Matthew 24:8 — The beginning of sorrows.The wordsorrows means birth pangs. While these conditions mean judgment  for  the  unbelieving  world,  they  are  evidence  to  believers  of  Jesus’  soon  return   (Titus  2:12-13; 2 Pet. 3:8-13).

Matthew 24:9-31 — Then they will deliver you up to tribulation. Here, Jesus gives an outline of the Tribulation Period. This seven-year period will begin withtribulation (Matthew 24:9). At the 3 ½ year mark—halfway through—Antichrist will enter the Temple (Matthew 24:15).

Matthew 24:13 — He who endures to the end.Theend here and in Matthew 24:14 refers tothe end of the age (Matthew 24:3). This is not teaching perseverance in the faith for salvation, but the final deliverance of believers when Jesus Christ returns (Matt. 10:22).

Matthew 24:14 — Thisgospel…toallthenations. The Tribulation will be a time of great evangelistic success (Rev. 6:9-17; 11:3-12; 14:6-7). Thegospelofthekingdom will go back to John the Baptist’s message (Matt. 3:2), declaring that the King is coming.

Matthew 24:15 — The abomination of desolation.This refers to Daniel’s prophecy (Dan. 9:27) where the Antichrist will enter the Temple and proclaim himself to be God (Dan. 11:31; 12:11; 2 Thess. 2:3-4; Rev. 13:1-10).

Matthew 24:16 — Let those who are in Judea flee.Here, Jesus is warning that when they see the abomination of desolation in the Temple, they should flee to themountains, as the Antichrist will seek to wipe out the Jewish nation (see Matthew 24:17-20).

Matthew 24:21 — Great tribulation. This refers to the last half of the seven-year Tribulation Period.

Matthew 24:22 — Those days will be shortened.The return of Christ will bring deliverance for His people, and judgment to His enemies (Matt. 3:12; 13:30; 25:31-33; Rev. 19:11-21).For the elect’s sake.The termelect refers to those who believe in Jesus Christ,the Elect One

Matthew 24:24 — False christs and false prophets. The Tribulation will be a time of great deception for those who do not know God’s Word.

Matthew 24:27 — As the lightning comes. Jesus’ Second Coming will not be hidden, but instead,every eye will see Him(Zec. 9:14; Matt. 24:30-31; Luke 17:24; Rev. 1:7; 6:12-17).

Matthew 24:28 — Wherever the carcass is. The whole world will look like a battlefield covered with bodies when Christ comes.

Matthew 24:29 — Thesunwillbedarkened.  The Tribulation will end with great natural disturbances (Isa.  13:10; Joel 2:30-31; Rev. 6:12-14).

Matthew 24:30 — The sign of the Son of Man. The heavens will part, and Jesus will come in all His glory (Dan. 7:13-14; Rev. 6:14-17; 19:11-16).

Matthew 24:31 — He will send His angels. The angels will gather all who believe in Him together to enter into His kingdom (Isa. 43:5-7).

The Parables of the Fig Tree, the Days of Noah, and the Wise Servant—Matthew 24:32-51

Mark 13:28-37; Luke 21:28-36

Matthew Chapter 25 (Matthew 25) — Three parables continue Jesus’ teaching on End-Time events.

The Parable of the Ten Virgins—Matthew 25:1-13

Matthew 25:1 — Ten virgins … went out to meet the bridegroom. These virgins do not represent the Church. The Church is thebride (John 3:29; Eph. 5:32; Rev. 19:7-8; 21:2, 9). These are believing Jews at the Second Coming of Christ. The term virgin was used in the Old Tes

Matthew 25:2 — Five … were wise … five were foolish.As in Matthew 7:24-27,wise refers to a believer,foolish, to an unbeliever.

Matthew 25:4 — Thewisetookoil. Oil is a picture of the Holy Spirit, as in the practice of anointing (1 Sam. 10:1, 6; 2 Cor. 1:21; 1 John 2:20, 27).

Matthew 25:6 — Behold, the bridegroom is coming.This is a picture of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. At that time, the Church will come with Him (Rev. 19:11-16), having already been raptured (1 Thess. 4:13-18; Rev. 4:1).

Matthew 25:9 — No, lest there should not be enough.This is not selfishness but is stated to teach that spiritual preparation is personal and cannot be shared.

Matthew 25:10 — Went in with him.This is a picture of entrance into the kingdom following His return (Matt. 22:1-14; Rev. 19:7-8).

Matthew 25:12 — I do not know you.You refers to those who have never believed in Him.

The Parable of the Talents (Faithful and Unfaithful Servants)—Matthew 25:14-30

Luke 19:11-27

The Judgment of Gentile Nations—Matthew 25:31-46

Matthew 25:31 — WhentheSon of Man comes in His glory.This is a reference to the Second Coming (Dan. 7:13-14; Rev. 19:11-21; 20:4-6).

Matthew 25:32 — All the nations.Nations always refer to Gentiles.Sheep.These are believers from the nations.Goats. These are unbelievers from the nations.

Matthew 25:34 — Inherit the kingdom.As in Matthew 5:5, this inheritance (reward) is for their works as believers. Entrance into the kingdom is by faith alone. Inheritance is in proportion to faithful works.

Matthew 25:37 — Then the righteous will answer.Righteousness can be received only by faith in Christ (Rom. 1:16-17; 3:21-26; 4:3-5).

Matthew 25:40 — The least of these My brethren.This refers to believing Jews who will be severely persecuted during the Tribulation Period. As in World War II, many believing Gentiles will hide, feed, and care for Jewish people.

Matthew 25:41 — Depart from Me, you cursed ones.These are unbelieving Gentiles who refused to act on behalf of the persecuted Jewish believers.

Matthew 25:46 — Everlasting[eternal]punishment … eternal life.The life for those who believe and the punishment for those who reject is everlasting or eternal (John 3:18, 36).

Jesus Keeps the Passover—Matthew 26:17-35

Mark 14:12-26; Luke 22:7-34; John 13:1-30

Matthew 26:18 — IwillkeepthePassover (Exod. 12:3-14). This was one of three mandatory feasts in Israel (Deut. 16:1-3, 16).

Matthew 26:21 — One of you will betray Me.Jesus knew from the beginning that Judas never believed in Him and would betray Him (John 6:64, 70-71).

Matthew 26:25 — Lord [Rabbi], is it I?While the other disciples asked first (see Mark 14:19), Jesus affirms that it is Judas. The departure of Judas from the Upper Room illustrates the parable in Matthew 22:11-14.

Matthew 26:26, 28 —  This is My body … this is My blood of the new covenant.After Judas leaves the room (John 13:30), Jesus reveals that His death will bring into being thenew covenant(Jer. 31:31-34; Ezek. 36:22-27). This was thenew wine that would replace the old covenant (

Matthew 26:31 — I will strike the Shepherd.Jesus quotes Zechariah 13:7 to predict the disciples’ falling away.

Matthew 26:33 — I will never … stumble.Peter’s boast (Matthew 26:33, 35) illustrates the truth of Proverbs 11:2; 16:18.

Jesus’ Prayer and Arrest in Gethsemane—Matthew 26:36-56

Mark 14:32-52; Luke 22:40-53; John 18:1-11

Matthew 26:36 — Jesus came … to … Gethsemane.Gethsemane is a garden about half a mile from Jerusalem. Its name means oil press. It is where olives were crushed to make olive oil. Here, Jesus, the Son of Man, was crushed in spirit before His crucifixion.

Matthew 26:37 — He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee.Three times, Jesus singled out Peter, James, and John for special attention (Matt. 17:1; Luke 8:51). He was training them for leadership.

Matthew 26:38 — Stay here and watch with Me.Jesus asks these three to pray with and for Him (Matthew 26:40-41).

Matthew 26:39 — Let this cup pass from Me.Thecup is used in the Old Testament for God’s wrath poured out (Psalm 75:8; Isa. 51:17). He is speaking of the judgment of God for sin about to be poured out upon Him (Rom. 3:24-26; 2 Cor. 5:21; Gal. 3:13; Heb. 2:9; 12:2; 1 Pet.

Matthew 26:42 — Your will be done.Jesus shows us that the way to victory is by submission to the will of the Father (Matthew 6:10; John 6:38).

Matthew 26:49-50 — Rabbi … friend.Only in Matthew does Judas calls JesusRabbi, which means Teacher or my great One. Jesus calls Judasfriend, just as the king in Matthew 22:12 called the intruder to the wedding feast. This shows that Jesus maintained love for Judas, even aft

Matthew 26:51 — One of those … drew his sword.We know from John 18:10 that this was Peter.

Matthew 26:53 — Twelve legions of angels.In the Roman army, a legion was between 3,000 and 6,000 men. Jesus could have escaped the cross if He chose, but for our sakes, He endured the cross (Heb. 12:1-3).

Matthew 26:54, 56 —  The Scriptures be fulfilled.This is one of Matthew’s favorite phrases (Matt. 1:22; 2:15, 17, 23; 4:14; 8:17; 12:17; 13:14-15, 35; 21:4; 24:33-34).

Jesus Before the High Priest—Matthew 26:57-75

Mark 14:53-72; Luke 22:54-62; John 18:12-27

Matthew 26:57 — Caiaphas the high priest.This man was son-in-law to Annas, who continued to corruptly act as high priest (Luke 3:2; John 18:13; Acts 4:6).

Matthew 26:59 — All the council sought false testimony.They knew already that they could not convict Him of sin (John 8:46; see note on Matt. 26:3).

Matthew 26:61 — This fellow said.This is a lie. The council twisted His words from John 2:19-21. To the Jews, to speak against the Temple was blasphemy and cause for death (Acts 6:13-14).

Matthew 26:63 — Jesus kept silent.Here, He was fulfilling Isaiah 53:7.

Matthew 26:63-64 — I put You under oath … It is as you said.Jesus boldly declares that He is the promised Messiah/Christ, knowing it will result in His death. He also refers to prophecies in Psalm 110:1 and Daniel 7:13-14, to prove His claim.

Matthew 26:65 — He has spoken blasphemy!The high priest realized that Jesus had claimed to be God by His quotes (Luke 22:69-70). The charge against Him in verses 63 and 64 was that He claimed to be the Christ (see 27:17, 22 where Pilate confirms His title).

Matthew 26:68 — Who … struck You?Jesus was blindfolded (Mark 14:65; Luke 22:64).

Matthew 26:69-75 — Now Peter … denied.The three denials by Peter fulfilled Jesus’ prophecy. There is comfort in this, for it shows that Jesus knows our failures before we commit them and still forgives us. See John 13:36-14:3.

Matthew 26:75 — He went out and wept bitterly.Though Judas regretted his betrayal (Matt. 27:3-5), he was still an unbeliever and did not turn to Jesus in faith. Peter, on the other hand, had grief from his temporary lack of faith that led to true repentance (2 Cor. 7:9-1

Matthew Chapter 26 (Matthew 26) — Preparations for the Passover; the Lamb of God taken.

Religious Leaders Plot His Death; the Woman Prepares for His Burial—Matthew 26:1-16

Mark 14:1-2; Luke 22:1-2; John 11:45-53

Matthew 26:2 — After two days is the Passover. This feast celebrates Israel’s exodus from Egypt (read Exodus 12). It began the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Matt. 26:17). See Leviticus 23 for the feasts of Israel.The Son of Man will … be crucified. The sacrifice of the Pas

Matthew 26:3 — Then the chief priests … plotted to take Jesus.Jesus defeated them in argument/theological discussion (Matt. 22:46), and they feared the people (Matt. 21:26, 46), so their only course of action was to use deception.

Matthew 26:7 — A woman came to Him.From John 12:3, we know this was Mary, sister of Martha, who was the same woman who anointed Him at the beginning of His ministry (Luke 7:37-39; John 11:2).Very costly oil.It was worth one year’s wages for a worker (Mark 14:3-5; John 1

Matthew 26:8 — His disciples … were indignant.This was primarily Judas (John 12:4-6).

Matthew 26:12 — She did it for My burial.Mary seems to be the only one who understood Jesus’ warnings of His coming crucifixion (Matt. 16:21; 17:22; 20:18).

Matthew 26:13 — Wherever this gospel is preached … as a memorial to her. What we do for Christ will never be forgotten (Matt. 10:42; 1 John 2:17).

Matthew 26:15 — Thirty pieces of silver.This fulfills the prophecy of Zechariah 11:12-13. This was the common price for a slave (Exod. 21:32). Mary’s devotion was costly (Matt. 26:7); Judas’ betrayal was cheap. See Mark 14:10-11 and Luke 22:3-6.

Matthew Chapter 27 (Matthew 27) — Jesus is condemned, crucified, and buried (Mark 15:1-47; Luke 23:1-56; John 18:28-42).

Jesus Led to Pilate; Judas Hangs Himself—Matthew 27:1-10

Matthew 27:1 — All the chief priests and elders … plotted … to put Him to death.This is why they took Him to Pilate, because Rome prohibited the Jewish council from giving the death sentence (John 18:31).

Matthew 27:3 — Then Judas … was remorseful.The feeling of remorse is not the same as repentance. Both Judas and Peter betrayed Jesus. Peter repented; Judas did not.

Matthew 27:4 — What is that to us?Israel’s religious leaders knew Jesus was innocent but wanted Him to be put to death.You see to it!See the same response by Pilate in Matthew 27:24.

Matthew 27:5 — He [Judas]… went and hanged himself.See Acts 1:16-20 for a more complete account.

Matthew 27:7-10 — They consulted together and bought … the potter’s field.This quote is recorded in Zechariah 11:12-13. Jeremiah possibly spoke this prophecy in connection with Jeremiah 19:1-6, and it was recorded by Zechariah.

Jesus Condemned—Matthew 27:11-26

Mark 15:1-15

Matthew 27:11 — Are you the King of the Jews?Jesus was charged with claiming to be theChrist (see Matthew 27:22), therefore, also the King of the Jews. See 2 Samuel 7:12-13, Psalm 2:6, and Matthew 2:2. Jesus confirms that He is Israel’s promised King (Dan. 7:13-14; Mark

Matthew 27:17 — Barabbas or Jesus?Given the choice between Jesus, who had only done good, and Barabbas, a murderer, the religious leaders chose to set free the murderer (Matthew 27:20-21; Mark 15:11; Luke 23:18-19; John 18:40; Acts 3:14).

Matthew 27:18 — Because of envy.Pilate knew the religious leaders were envious of Jesus. Envy or jealousy is the hatred of someone who has or does something you are unable to have or do (Mark 15:10; Acts 7:9; 13:45; 17:5; Gal. 5:26; Titus 3:3). It often leads to murder.

Matthew 27:22 — Jesus who is called Christ?In this chapter, Jesus is identified asKing of the Jews [Israel] (Matthew 27:11, 29, 37, 42),Christ (Matthew 27:17, 22), andSon of God (Matthew 27: 40, 54).

Matthew 27:24 — This just Person.Both Pilate and Herod declared Jesus to be innocent (Luke 23:13-15). Even Pilate’s wife knew that Jesus was ajust man. See Matthew 27:19.You see to it!(Matthew 27:4) Pilate declared himself to be free of the responsibility of shedding inn

Matthew 27:25 — His blood be on us and on our children.With these words, they not only condemned Jesus to die, but also assured the later judgment in 70 A.D. by which the nation was destroyed.For by your words … you will be condemned (Matt. 12:37).

The Crucifixion of Jesus—Matthew 27:27-56

Mark 15:16-41; Luke 23:26-49; John 19:16-37

Matthew 27:29 — A crown of thorns.The curse of sin was thorns, suffering, and death (Gen. 3:17-19). Jesus bore our debt and paid the penalty of our sins in full (John 19:30).

Matthew 27:32 — A man of Cyrene, Simon by name.This man had come all the way from North Africa to celebrate the Passover. He was the father of Alexander and Rufus (Mark 15:21). Rufus may be the same one mentioned in Romans 16:13 by Paul.

Matthew 27:34 — Sour wine mingled with gall.This was a drug given to victims of crucifixion to dull the pain. Jesus rejected it so He could pay the penalty of sin while fully aware. This also fulfilled Psalm 69:21.

Matthew 27:35 — Casting lots. Here, Psalm 22:18 is fulfilled.

Matthew 27:36 — They kept watch over Him.This fulfilled Psalm 22:16-17.

Matthew 27:37 — THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.  Pilate’s words were intentional, and the sign was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin (Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38; John 19:19-22). This was the charge for which He was crucified.

Matthew 27:38 — Two robbers were crucified with Him.This fulfilled Isaiah 53:9 and 12.One believed in Him and was saved; the other rejected Him. These two men show the division of all mankind into those saved by faith, and those lost by unbelief (Luke 23:39-43).

Matthew 27:39-44 — Hurling abuse at Him.These insults were predicted in passages such as Psalm 22:7-8 and 109:25.You who destroy the temple. They are referring to His prophecy of His crucifixion and resurrection in John 2:19, which they distorted into an attack on the Templ

Matthew 27:42 — Let Him now come down.Jesus had the power to avoid the cross—see note on Matthew 26:53, but because of His obedience to the Father (Matt. 26:39, 42) and His love for us, He bore our sins (John 3:16; 2 Cor. 5:21).

Matthew 27:45 — From the sixth hour until the ninth hour.According to the common Jewish method of counting hours, the sixth hour is 12 noon, and the ninth hour is 3 p.m. Jesus was crucified at the third hour (Mark 15:25), which was 9 a.m. In the Old Testament, the mornin

Matthew 27:46 — My God, My God.Psalm 22 begins with these words. The whole Psalm is about the crucifixion and anticipates the victory of the resurrection.

Matthew 27:48 — Sour wine.This was the cheap wine used by the soldiers and poor people. Jesus drank it, possibly to gain strength and moisture for His final cry of victory. See John 19:28-30.

Matthew 27:50 — Jesus cried out … with a loud voice.Here was the victory cry,It is finished! (John 19:30). The work of redemption was complete. He yielded up His spirit; the cross did not kill Him (John 10:17-18).

Matthew 27:51 — The veil of the temple … was torn in two. This showed that the way to God was now open to everyone who came in faith (Heb. 4:16; 6:19; 10:19-22; 11:6). The fact that it was torn from top to bottom showed that this was the work of God, not man.

Matthew 27:52 — The graves were opened.Only Matthew records this. These people, like Lazarus, were raised for a time but eventually died again. It was evidence of Jesus’ power over death (1 Cor. 15:20-22; Col. 1:18; Rev. 1:5).

Matthew 27:54 — Truly this was the Son of God!Everything he witnessed convinced this Roman centurion that Jesus was indeedthe Son of God (Matt. 14:33; Mark 15:39).

Matthew 27:55-56 — Many women … were there.The women who followed and served Jesus were some of His greatest and most faithful disciples (Mark 15:40-41; 16:1; Luke 8:2-3; 24:1, 10).

The Burial of Jesus—Matthew 27:57-61

Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:38-42

Matthew 27:57 — A rich man from Arimathea … Joseph.Joseph was a member of the Jewish council (Sanhedrin) who, like Nicodemus, had become a believer (Mark 15:43; Luke 23:50). That he is described here as rich fulfills Isaiah 53:9.

The Tomb Guarded by Soldiers—Matthew 27:62-66

Matthew 27:62 — Chief priests and Pharisees.These two groups were usually hostile to each other, but they united in hatred of Jesus.

Matthew 27:63 — After three days I will rise.They knew Jesus’ prophecy of His own resurrection but could not believe in the power of God. The chief priests, or Sadducees, denied that resurrection was possible (Matt. 22:23; Mark 12:18; Luke 20:27).

Matthew 27:66 — They went and made the grave secure.A group of Roman soldiers was sent to guard the tomb.Sealing the stone. This seal meant that anyone who tried to move the stone would be defying Rome and would be punished severely.

Matthew Chapter 28 (Matthew 28) — The resurrection, the conspiracy to hide it, and the Great Commission (Mark 16:1-20; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-18).

The Resurrection of Jesus—Matthew 28:1-10

Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-10

Matthew 28:1 — After the Sabbath.The Sabbath was Saturday, so this would be early Sunday morning.

Matthew 28:2 — An angel … rolled backed the stone. Jesus was already gone from the tomb when the angel rolled away the stone. He did it so the disciples could see that Jesus’ body was gone (Mark 16:5-6; Luke 24:3-6; John 20:3-9).

Matthew 28:3 — Hiscountenance[appearance]waslikelightning. Angels reflect the glory of the Lord (Dan. 7:9; Matt. 17:2; Luke 2:9).

Matthew 28:6 — He is risen, as He said.Jesus had repeatedly spoken of His resurrection (Matt. 12:40; 16:21; 17:9; 20:19).

Matthew 28:7 — Go quickly and tell.The only right response to Jesus’ victory is first to believe it, then to tell others of it (Matthew 28:9-10; Matt. 28:19-20; Mark 16:15; Acts 1:8).

Matthew 28:9 — Rejoice!To all who believe, the resurrection of Jesus is a continual source of both joy and the basis for telling others (2 Cor. 5:14-21).

The Plot to Deny the Resurrection—Matthew 28:11-15

Matthew 28:11 — The guard … reported to the chief priests.These Roman soldiers told the religious leadersall … that had happened. See Matthew 28:4. Yet they continued to deny both the truth about Jesus and the power of God.

Matthew 28:13 — While we slept.Roman soldiers who slept while on guard duty were put to death. But they had no other excuse to offer. The priests promised to protect them from the penalty and paid them much money to lie about the circumstances of the empty tomb.

Matthew 28:15 — Until this day. This refers to the time of Matthew’s writing, but many still believe this lie today.

The Great Commission Given—Matthew 28:16-20

Mark 15:15; Luke 24:48; Acts 1:8

Matthew 28:18 — All authority has been given to Me.Following His resurrection, Jesus is invested with all power to bring about His final world rule (Psalm 2:6-9, 8:5b-8, 110:1-7; Phil. 2:9-11; Heb. 2:7-9). This fulfills the prophecy of Daniel 7:9-14.

Matthew 28:19-20 — Go … make disciples … teaching them.The command ismake disciples.Going, baptizing, and teaching is how disciples are made. The use of baptism here confirms that these are new believers in Christ. No one is saved by baptism (Acts 8:36-37; 1 Cor. 1:17).

Matthew 28:19 — Inthename. The Jews often referred to God as the Name, which spoke of Jehovah, theI AM (Exod. 3:14). Here, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are all identified as one God. We call this the Trinity.

Matthew 28:20 — Observe all things.The mark of true discipleship is obedience. All who believe in Jesus are saved forever, but not all who believe become true disciples. In Matthew 11:28-30, we see that coming to Jesus in faith is the first step. Taking up Hisyoke (see a